地理科学 ›› 1986, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (2): 125-132.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1986.02.125

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国主要高山名茶产地生态气候的研究

黄寿波   

  1. 浙江农业大学 杭州
  • 出版日期:1986-03-20 发布日期:1986-03-20

A STUDY ON ECOLOGIC CLIMATE OF FAMOUS TEA GROWING IN SOME HIGH MOUNTAINOUS AREAS IN CHINA

Huang Shoubo   

  1. Zhejiang Agricultural University, Hangzhou
  • Online:1986-03-20 Published:1986-03-20

摘要: 本文根据我国主要高山与山麓气象站的气象资料,讨论了我国主要高山名荼的生态气候。我国一些高山名荼产区的生态气候特征是:云量和雾日较多,日照百分率较小,散射光充足,降雨量充沛,空气相对湿度较大,温度上升与下降速度比较缓慢,温度的年、日变幅较小,适宜荼树生长的时间较长,在山地背风侧和山谷中风速较小。

Abstract: Tea tree (Camellia sinensis (L) Kuntze)is one of the world’s economic crops. It is an especially important crop for the southern China. Environmental factors related to tea yield and quality in some high mountain areas of China are identified in this paper. These factors are: geology, topography, climate, hydrology, soil and vegetation. Climatological factors are the most important factors of them. Using meteorological data collected from meteorological stations which are situated at the top and foot of high mountains respectivelly, the paper discussed ecologically climatic problems growing famous tea in China. The ecological climatic characteristics of those famous tea areas mainly include as follows: more cloud amount and fog-days, less percentage of sunshine, abundant rainfall and high relative humidity in air, slow temperature rising up and falling down, smaller annual and daily temperature range, more days to be suitable for tea growing, low wind speed in the lee sides and valleys of mountains. All of those are favourable for growth of tea tree.