地理科学 ›› 1986, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (2): 133-140.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1986.02.133

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

泥炭和泥炭地的形成过程及其特性

梅田安治1, 辻井達一1, 高橋英纪2   

  1. 1. 日本北海道大学农学部;
    2. 日本北海道大学环境科学研究科
  • 出版日期:1986-03-20 发布日期:1986-03-20

ON CHARACTERISTICS AND FORMING PROCESS OF PEATLAND

Yasuharu Umeda1, Tatsuishi Tsuji1, Hidenori Takahashi2   

  1. Hokkaido University, Japan
  • Online:1986-03-20 Published:1986-03-20

摘要: 由于选择分类依据不同,各国学者提出不同的泥炭地分类方法。从泥炭地的形成过程看,大部分具有三个发育阶段。泥炭的发育与气象条件有直接关系。

Abstract: There are closely interrelation among peatland, mire-land, swamp and wetland. Some of their charactristics are similar each other, some are different. Because of differentiation in foundation for classification, the classification system of peatland suggested by various scientists are distinct. In this paper, the classifications of peatland proposed 18 scientists and some of direct and indirect basises adopted by 28 scientists are demonstrated. In the light of forming process of peatland, most of peatland development include three stages, i.e. low moor peatland, high moor peatland and the trasition type between them-transitional moor peatland. The growth of peat is closely related to climatic conditions.