地理科学 ›› 1986, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (3): 197-205.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1986.03.197

• 论文 •    下一篇

黄河三角洲国土开发与整治

黄春海, 张祖陆   

  1. 山东师范大学地理系, 济南
  • 出版日期:1986-05-20 发布日期:1986-05-20

THE DEVELOPMENT AND REARRANGEMENT OF THE YELLOW RIVER DELTA

Huang Chunhai, Zhang Zulu   

  1. Department of Geography, Shandong Normal University, Jinan
  • Online:1986-05-20 Published:1986-05-20

摘要: 在黄河近代与现代三角洲的上缘,利津以西,还存在一个以蒲城为顶点的古代三角洲。三角洲地区的国土开发与整治,应依据三角洲发育的三个阶段和不同的地貌类型进行分区规划,制定不同的利用方向和改造措施。黄河河道的整治,从其大水期冲刷、小水期淤积的泥沙输送规律看,有计划地引黄灌溉和引黄放淤等综合治理措施是行之有效的。

Abstract: The Yellow River delta is divided into four-grade landform types in this article.An ancient Yellow River delta was first found,it is located inthe western section of Lijin County of Shandong Province and formed between 40 B.C.and 1048 A.D.The development of the Yellow River delta can be differentiated by three stages,i.e.ancient,modern and contemporary. Based on the above-mentioned studies,the delta district can be divided into six subdistricts according to land-use conditions and the measures of rearrangeanent for these subdistricts were put forward respectively in the paper.In the light of the regularities of discharge changes and silt transportation of the Yellow River delta,The auther suggest that the water of the river should not be channeled in high flow seasons in order to let the floodwater down-erode the bed and that the water should be drawn into the fields in dry seasons in order to leach away salt by irrigation and restrain alkalinity by deposition.