地理科学 ›› 1988, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (1): 1-11,99.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1988.01.1

• 论文 •    下一篇

我国沼泽研究的回顾与展望—一献给中国科学院长春地理研究所成立三十周年

黄锡畴, 马学慧   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1988-01-20 发布日期:1988-01-20

PROGRESS OF THE MIRE RESEARCH IN CHINA AND ITS PROSEPECT——Devoting the Article to 30th Anniversary of the Establishment of the Changchun Institute of Geography,Academia Sinica

Huang Xichou, Ma Xuehui   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1988-01-20 Published:1988-01-20

摘要: 本文回顾了中国科学院长春地理研究所成立三十年来在沼泽和泥炭研究领域,包括沼泽和泥炭资源考察,沼泽概念、性质、成因、类型、形成过程、形成时期、发育规律;沼泽的水文、气候、植被、土壤、化学、动物、制图、恢复古环境等方面的研究,以及实验技术和新技术应用;国际学术交流方面所取得的进展和成就。并提出今后的展望。

Abstract: The Changchun Institute of Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences, was estabilished in 1958.Main tasks of the Institute are researches on mires and geographic subjects of Northeast China. In near 30 years,a great achievement has been gotten in investigations on mires and peat resoures throughout country. Based on the researches in hydrology,climate,vegetation,soil,ecochemistry of landscape for the variaty of mires in different regions of China, research works have found out that forming factors,process and types of China’s mires have own features.Thus,some new theoretical viewpoints about definition,characteristic,distribution and development laws of mires which are suitable for China’s mire physical features have been suggested accordingly,the mire research has become a new branch in the system of natural sciences. In researches,some advanced methods,experimental instrument and new technology of remote sensing and detecting have been widely used,and researches on models,databases,information systems,mire mapping and some experimental researches on integrated exploitation and utilization of mire and peat resources have also been attempted,and proglesscs in international academic exchanges have been achieved. In the mire researches of the future,we must enhance the basic theoretical research,combine theory with practice of production,face to construction of national economy and establish China’s mire sciences.