地理科学 ›› 1988, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (1): 12-17,99.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1988.01.12

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基塘系统的特征及其实践意义

钟功甫   

  1. 广州地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1988-01-20 发布日期:1988-01-20

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF DIKE-POND SYSTEM AND THE PRACTICAL SIGNIFICANCE

Zhong Gongpu   

  1. Guangzhou Institute of Geography
  • Online:1988-01-20 Published:1988-01-20

摘要: 本文阐述了基塘系统概念、意义,分析了基塘系统的结构、功能及效益。基塘系统的结构合理,具有种种优越性,是形成稳产高产的重要原因。在系统运行过程中,资源获得充分利用,是人为建立的水陆立体种养体系。它的经济效益高,生态效益和社会效益显著,无论在理论研究生产应用上都具有重要意义。基塘系统的开发,是改造低洼湿地的一个范例。

Abstract: A dike-pond system is a particular artificial ecosystem of land-water interaction,and also a special stero-cultiviting breeding system,so it has the characteristics of both land ecosystem,and fresh water ecosystem.The system has complicated structure and multi-levels including land cultivating levels and water-body breeding levels.As for the cultivation forms,it may be one of the production structures with the most levels and the highest form. The input and output of substances and energy of the dike-pond system are basically balanced.The sections of the system coordinate and promote each other.Because each unit area can give various agricultural and aquatic products,and high production yield,it is one of the important ways of saving farmland.