地理科学 ›› 1989, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (1): 67-74,96.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1989.01.67

• 研究报道 • 上一篇    下一篇

温州蜜柑生理落果动态异常及其环境影响

汪铎, 俞继灿, 叶美德, 郭文扬   

  1. 浙江师范大学地理系, 金华
  • 出版日期:1989-01-20 发布日期:1989-01-20

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE IMPACT OF ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT ON DYNAMICS OF PHYSIOLOGICAL PREMATURE DROP OF WENZHOU CITRUS IN SUBTROPIC ZONE

Wang Duo, Yu Jican, Yi Meide, Guo Wenyang   

  1. Department of Geography, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua
  • Online:1989-01-20 Published:1989-01-20

摘要: 运用1986年5月蜜柑生理落果期观察资料,分析了温州蜜柑落花落果动态特征和柑园生态环境条件,揭示了落花落果率异常偏高时段生态因子的影响,提出运用Logistic理论曲线模拟累积落花落果率动态,并加入生态因子进行修正,取得了比较符合实际的动态模拟效果。

Abstract: The observational data of phenology and environment during physiological drop phase of Wenzhou citrus in May of 1986 and 1987 are used to analyze both the dynamic feature of blossom drop and premature drop of citrus and the conditions of ecological environment of citrus orchards,such as topography,climate,soil and vegetation. The dynamic trends of the summation percentage of blossom drop and premature drop of citrus are simulated by means of the Logistic theory curve. It is revealed that the differences of dynamic features of blossom drop and premature drop of citrus between the normal year 1987 and the abnormal year 1986.The differences of weather-climate in the middle ten days of May between 1986 and 1987 are compared and analyzed. The results show that the middle period of the middle ten days of May is the peak period of blossom drop and premature drop of citrus.In the middle the days of May 1986,the rapid physiological premature drop and the sharp increase of drop amount were caused by high temperature and low moisture.Therefore,the proper agrotechnical measures taken in time according to the weather conditions during the middle ten days of May is an important link to strengthen the management of citrus orchards. An empiric model obtained based on the Logistic theory model and by the amendment of ecological environment factors(temperature and moisture)have improved simulation effect.It can be applied to predict the dynamics of blossom drop and premature drop of citrus in that year,in order to take necessary measures in a critical moment.