地理科学 ›› 1989, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (2): 163-172,196.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1989.02.163

• 研究报导 • 上一篇    下一篇

赤峰达来诺尔水化学主要特征及其形成

高照山   

  1. 内蒙古自治区地质矿产局第三地质大队 赤峰
  • 出版日期:1989-03-20 发布日期:1989-03-20

THE BASIC PROPERTIES AND FORMATION OF HYDROCHEMISTRY IN DALAI Nur LAKE, CHIFENG

Gao Zhaoshan   

  1. NO.3 Geological Team, Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
  • Online:1989-03-20 Published:1989-03-20

摘要: 本文阴述了达来诺尔水化学以氯及钾纳离子为主是Cl卜型水的主要特征,硬度低、碱度高,盐量高,水中离子随季节变化。由于基岩中含砷、锡、铁高,迫使湖水形成这种离子的异常区,铭与其它有害元素甚微,说明湖水仍舜持天然状态,并分析了形成这种特征的原因。

Abstract: Hydrochemistry in Dalai Nur Lake consists mainly of Cl, K and Na, is ClINa type of water. The hardness is low, the alkalinity is high, salt content is up to 5.62g/l, 2.7times higher than that of the Lake of the Changbai Mountain. The ion contents in Dalai Nur Lake water change with seasons, winter>spring>autumn and summer, except HCO3-. Even the same ion, its content has a little change in different places and depth of the lake, generally less than 1—3%. Water of the lake contains As, Cd and Fe. But Cr and other harmful elements are very little. Ions in the lake come mainly from bedrock and the Quaternary system. Ions in bedrock and soils are solved and leached by precipitation to enter water. Under the control of topography, the water containing these ions move to the lake area, to empty into the lake. Through the complex hydrological geochemical action of these ions in the lake, Ca, Mg and HCO3- are combined into non-soluble salts to be precipitated; ions of K, Na and Cl are relatively accumulated, forming ClINa type of water.