地理科学 ›› 1990, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (1): 28-34,97.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1990.01.28

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

竺可桢先生对中国气候区划的贡献

丘宝剑   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计委地理研究所 北京
  • 出版日期:1990-01-20 发布日期:1990-01-20

PROFESSOR ZHU KEZHEN’S CONTRIBUTION TO CLIMATE REGIONALIZATION OF CHINA

Qiu Baojian   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica and the State Planning Commission, Beijing
  • Online:1990-01-20 Published:1990-01-20

摘要: 竺可祯先生自20年代起就着手研究中国气候区划,他是中国气候区划的开创者。建国后,他长期领导和参加这项工作。竺老关于气候区划的一系列思想一直还在指导着近些年来各级气候区划的研究。他对这项工作的贡献是有目共睹的。

Abstract: Professor Zhe Kezhen is the pioneer of the climate regionalization of China. He started to study the climate regionalization of China in the 1920s.After the founding of the Peoplets Republie of China,he had been led and engaged in the climate regionalization.Prof.Zhu Kezhen’s guiding thought about climate regionatization has a profound influence.He pointed out that the climate regio-nalization abroad was not suitable 1o climate in China;the classitication must be simple and definite,gave consideration to both practical viewpoint and genetic idea;the division boundary must correspond to the natural regions of a country; various regions were influenced differently by cyclone and anticyclone in China, so climate regionalization can be divided into zones or belts,taking cyclone and anticyclone range as the criteria;temperature,rainfall and their distribution in a year as the main factors. Prof.Zhu Kezhen’s thought about climate regionalization has been guiding the studies on climate regionalization in all levels in reeent years,His contribu-tion to this aspect is obvious to all.