地理科学 ›› 1990, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (2): 114-124,191.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1990.02.114

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国自然带分布的地带性规律

蒋忠信   

  1. 铁道部第二勘测设计院笫三总队, 昆明
  • 出版日期:1990-03-20 发布日期:1990-03-20

ZONALITY OF DISTRIBUTION OF PHYSICO-GEOGRAPHICAL ZONE IN CHINA

Jiang Zhongxin   

  1. The Second Institute of Railroad Survey and Design, Kunming
  • Online:1990-03-20 Published:1990-03-20

摘要: 本文运用回归分析、趋势面分析等方法,以暗针叶林线、树线、高海拔多年冻土下线和最后冰期雪线为侧,定量地阐明中国自然带分布所具有的纬度地带性、经度地带性特征的数学模式和特性参数,以及青藏高原导致的非地带性变化。同时分析了影响地带性分布规律的三种因素:热量、水分和地势轮廓。

Abstract: With the methods of regression analysis and trend surface analysis,taking the low and high lines of dark conifer forest,premafrost low line and the snowline of the latest glaciation in China as examples,the paper expounds the zonality regularity of the distribution of physico-geographical zone in China. (1)Latitude zonality obeys the mathematical model of normal frequency distribution,being approximate to descending straight line within the latitude range of China.(2)Latitude zonality shows that the elevation of physico-geographical zone rises straight with the distance to east coast line, (3)The combination of the distribution of latitude and longitude zonalities appears a plane inclining from SSW to NNE.The decline rate of the elevation of physico-geographical zone with latitude,from south to north is 54-143 meters per degree,and the rise rate of the longitude from east to west is 0,22-0,48 meter per kilometer.The decline rate along plane dip from SSW to NNE is 0.65-1.35 meter per kilometer.(4)The second order trend surface of physicogeographical zone resembles a semiellipse-sphere inclining from the QinghaiXizang Plateau to northeast China,reflecting the effect of relief.(5)Physicogeographical zonation depends on the combination of hydrothermal conditions, Thus the factors influencing the zonality distribution regularity of physicogeographical zone of China are latitude zone,the distribution of oceans and land, and relief features.(6)The change rate of permofrost low line is the largest, showing the permafrost low line is most sensitive to hydrothermal conditions. The data of the snowline of the latest glaciation are dispersive,indicating that the data of cast China have more errors.