地理科学 ›› 1990, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (2): 159-167,192.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1990.02.159

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

行为地理学研究的基本理论问题

张文奎   

  1. 东北师范大学地理系, 长春
  • 出版日期:1990-03-20 发布日期:1990-03-20

ON SOME BASIC THEORETICAL PROBLEMS IN BEHAVIORAL GEOGRAPHY

Zhang Wenkui   

  1. Department of Geography, Northeast Normal University, Changchun
  • Online:1990-03-20 Published:1990-03-20

摘要: 本文对行为地理学的一些基本理论问题进行了分析评述,如行为空间与活动空间、空间行为;地理物象的距离衰变与动态特性;智能图及其构成要素与空间模式;行为区位论等.最后,作者指出其实践意义局限性,在我国要用历史唯物主义的观点建立马列主义的行为地理学。

Abstract: Behavioral geography has become one of the most important branches in human geography since the behavioral revolution during the 1970s.It mainly concerns some problems like behavioral space,geographical image,mental map, behavioral location and so on. Behavioral space refers to the activity space sensed in human mind,including natural regions and perceived space.To have the knowledge of human behavioral space and the composing elements can help people master themselves behaviour and expand their spatial activity more efficiently. Geographical image is a kind of mental impression of people ori natural environment.It involves distance,direction and stereo scene of nature as well. This image is the base that people recognize the natural environment and make behavioral decision.So it is very important for human behavioral decision to clarify its characteristics and function. Mental map is a kind of diagram formed through the reappcarance of personal geographical image on natural environment.Studying the forming elements and the pattern of the map is beneficial to the spatial decision of the optimum activities of human being. Behavioral location is the location theory formed based on the behavioral therories.It involves some professional terms such as non-economic man and sat isfication,etc.With behavioral matrix,it mainly deals with the relationship between the location choice of human activities and the information utilization,to help people select the superior location of their activities.