地理科学 ›› 1990, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (3): 237-245,292.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1990.03.237

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

河南工业布局问题探讨

李润田, 秦耀辰   

  1. 河南大学 开封
  • 出版日期:1990-05-20 发布日期:1990-05-20

ON INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTION IN HENAN PROVINCE

Li Runtian, Qin Yaochen   

  1. Department of Geography, Henan University, Kaifeng
  • Online:1990-05-20 Published:1990-05-20

摘要: 本文论述了河南省工业布局的形成与演变过程,从不平衡到平衡等工业布局的基本特征,最后探讨了有关工业合理布局的几个问题,提出改善布局的建议。

Abstract: There is a very long industry history in Henan Province.Modern industrial distribution has gone through three periods,from the beginning of the 20th century to 1949,from 1949 to 1979,and from 1979 to now. According to the investigation of indtstrial history in Henan Province,and calculating indexes of 128 counties and cities,four features on the industrial distribution in Henan are proposed as follows. 1.The industrial distribution tends toward balance. 2.The macrostrueture of distribution is that taking the concentrated zones of enterprises along the five rail a lines as a frame,and northwest part of Henan with concentrated resources as a heavy industry core area,while the southeast pair of Henan featuring agricultural products as the periphery area with lower output values of industry. 3.The city-count-village and township industrial system is the product of economic reform in the last ten years. 4.There are considerable differences in structures of industrial sectors and their benefits. To improve the industrial distribution in Henan,five suggestions are made. 1)The construction of the energy sources and heavy chemical industry bases in northwest part of Henan must be strengthened. 2)The government of Henan Province should appropriately and timely control the balanced development,and improve the industrial benefits in core area,and help to bring about a mechanism of self-cycle increase in the system.3)The industries of counties,villages and towns with weak industries force should be emphasized.4)Export-oriented industry should be developed in the light of the actual conditions in Henan,And 5) the rational territory structure of industry should be constructed in every economic zones.