地理科学 ›› 1990, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (4): 294-302,387.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1990.04.294

• 论文 •    下一篇

景观生态学的发展及其前景

景贵和   

  1. 东北师范大学地理系, 长春
  • 出版日期:1990-07-20 发布日期:1990-07-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金

THE DEVELOPMENT AND PERSPECTIVE OF LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY

Jing Guihe   

  1. Department of Geography, Northeast Normal University, Changchun
  • Online:1990-07-20 Published:1990-07-20

摘要: 本文探讨了景观生态学的概念,论述了世界各国该学科发展过程特别是近10年的迅速发展状况,介绍了有关景观生态学的理论成果与理论基础,最后作者指出景观生态学的前景应加强理论原理、研究方法与应用技术的研究。

Abstract: Landscape ecology is an interdisciplinary science between geography and ecology.It studies the spatial organization,internal functions and mutual relations of landscape. As early as 1939,While studying the problems of land use and development in East Africa,C.Troll coind the term"Landscape ecology".But the development of landscape ecology was slow in Central Europe and in the world.Since 1981,after the international congress organizd by the Natherlands.Society for Landscape Ecology,the landscape ecology has been rapidly developing. The theories of landscape ecology include the biocybernetic symbiosis between biosystems and human systems,the theory of dissipative structure,and theory of hierarchical organization,etc. There are broad perspectives of development of landscape ecology in future.It must be focus on adopting advanced theories,methods and practical techniques.