地理科学 ›› 1990, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (4): 338-346,388.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1990.04.338

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

东北地区地表面辐射平衡

李广杰   

  1. 山东社会科学院, 济南
  • 出版日期:1990-07-20 发布日期:1990-07-20

RADIATION BALANCE OF EARTH SURFACE IN NORTHEAST CHINA

Li Guangjie   

  1. Shandong Academy of Social Sciences, Jinan
  • Online:1990-07-20 Published:1990-07-20

摘要: 本文利用东北地区9个日射站、3个探空站的实测资料,建立了计算该区域总辐射和冷季各月地表反射率的经验公式,确定了M.E.别尔梁德有效辐射经验公式中的云减弱系数,对东北地区辐射平衡各分量进行了细致计算。在此基础上,探讨了东北地区地表面辐射平衡的分布规律及其成因。

Abstract: In the paper northeast China refers to Heilongjiang,Jilin and Liaoning provinces.There are nine insolation-observing stations in northeast China.The equations of total radiation and ground albedo in winter are established based on the solar radiation data and climatic data from the nine insolation-observing stations from 1961 to 1980. The equation of total radiation is Q=S0a+bS)where,Q is total radiation;S0 is astronomical radiation;S relative sunshine;a and b regression coefficients. The equation of ground albedo in winter is
A=0.331765+0.332506n/N-0.005886H
where,A is ground albedo;n days of snow cover;N days of each month in winter;H the sun’s altitude. For effective radiation,the following equation is adopted:
E=0.95σ[(0.39-0.058e1/2T4+(T04-T4)](1-Cn
where,E is effective radiation;σ Stefan-Boltzman constant,which equals 5.68E-8;T0,T,e,n and C represent the means of ground temperature,air temperature,absolute humidity,cloudiness and a coefficient, respectively. The annual and monthly values of total radiation,effective radiation and net radiation for 166 stations in northeast China are calculated. Their characteristics of distribution in space and time are discussed. The results indicate that northeast China is rich in solar radiation resource.The amounts of annual total radiation,annual effective radiation and annual net radiation are 4100-5300MJ/m2,1600-2200MJ/m2,and 1470-2480MJ/m2,respectively.In respect to the spatial distribution,the annual total radiation in south is more than that in north.There is an increasing tendency of total radiation from east to west.The effective radiation increases from east to west,and the net radiation decreases from south to north.As for the annual variation,the smallest and largest monthly values of total radiation and net radiation are in December,and May or June,respectively;the smallest monthly value of effective radiation is in February or July,and the largest in March.