地理科学 ›› 1991, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (4): 370-379,392.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1991.04.370

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

农业自然资源综合评价的回顾与展望

吴登茹   

  1. 中国科学院 国家计委地理研究所 北京
  • 出版日期:1991-07-20 发布日期:1991-07-20

THE REVIEW AND PROSPECTS FOR THE INTEGRATIVE EVALUATION WORK OF AGRICULTURAL NATURAL RESOURCES

Wu Dengru   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica and the State Planning Commission, Beijing
  • Online:1991-07-20 Published:1991-07-20

摘要: 本文论述了我国和世界其他国家关于农业自然资源综合评价工作的历史,分析了其主要理论和方法论流派,指出目前的主要发展趋向,即综合评价向多层次、高维度发展,不断引进新理论,新方法和新技术手段等.

Abstract: The approach to integrative evaluation and reasonable utilization of agricultural natural resources (ANR) is the main content of agricultural geography.It is Very important to review and appraise this work for deepening its theory,perfecting its methodology,improving its application value.In this paper,the history of ANR integrative evaluation is reviewed,on the basis of this review,the main theory and methodology is evaluated.There are three approaches to studying integrative evaluation of ANR.The first is natural-ecological direction.Its focus is on evaluation of natural productive ability,its advantage is simple,meeting general application needs;its disadvantage is short of economic factor,the application is indirect and limited.The second is productive-technique direction,its advantage is direct and easy application,its disadvantage is short of evaluation of whole regional resource system.The third is economic evaluation direction.There are different concepts and methods in this field in each country.The focus of Cbina is on the integrative evaluation of nature,economy and technology,its advantage is reasonable and applied,its disadvantage is short of systematic theory and me thodology.Finally the approach to future trends of this work is shown in this paper.