地理科学 ›› 1993, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (1): 9-16,95.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1993.01.9

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

水资源短缺对区域经济发展的影响

刘卫东, 陆大道   

  1. 中国科学院国家计委地理研究所 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:1991-05-01 出版日期:1993-01-20 发布日期:1993-01-20

THE EFFECT OF WATER RESOURCES SHORTAGE ON REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Liu Weidong, Lu Dadao   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica and the State Planning Commission, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1991-05-01 Online:1993-01-20 Published:1993-01-20

摘要: 水资源短缺对区域经济发展的影响,一是对区域经济发展总量的影响,二是对区域经济结构的影响,三是对区域经济空间布局的影响.解决水资源短缺,必须从两方面入手:一是调整产业结构,降低需水量;二是调整空间布局减少缺水点的需水量.

Abstract: Water resources shortage has become an important object of regional research because it shows serious consequence,e,g.it restricts the economic development in many countries and regions in the world.The shortage of water resources,in the light of supply,is classified into supplying shortage,economic shortage and absolute shortage,and in the light of demand,into baseline shortage,productive shortage and environmental shortage.The effects of the productive shortage of water resources on the regional economic development include the following three aspcts: 1)the effect on the total output target of regional economic growth; 2)the effect on the regional economic structure; 3)the effect on the location and spatial structure of regional economy. At a given target of economic growth,the effect of water resources shortage on economic growth is the functions of economic structure,technological progress,the extent of water saving and the extent of water resources shortage.