地理科学 ›› 1993, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 315-321,391.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1993.04.315

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

百年来中国黄河流域区域性旱涝气候突变

李月洪, 张正秋   

  1. 中国气象科学研究院, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:1992-09-01 出版日期:1993-07-20 发布日期:1993-07-20

ABRUPT CLIMATIC CHANGE OF DROUGHT AND FLOOD IN THE HUANGHE RIVER BASIN DURING THE LAST 100 YEARS

Li Yuehong, Zhang Zhengqiu   

  1. Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081
  • Received:1992-09-01 Online:1993-07-20 Published:1993-07-20

摘要: 通过对近百年来黄河流域各区域旱涝气候突变特征的研究,表明该流域的大部分地区旱涝气候变化在本世纪10年代内出现突变现象,而且是从一个相对的偏涝期进入偏早期的转变。并且初步分析了黄河流域出现旱涝气候突变的可能成因。

Abstract: In this paper,the drought/flood indexes for the divisions in the Huanghe River Basin during the last 100 years (1891-1990) are analysed to reveal abrupt climatic change using the Mann-Kendall Test.It is found that there existed abrupt climatic change of drought/flood in 1910 and 1912 over the middle and lower reaches respectively,but no such obvious abrupt climatic change is found over the upper reaches.These facts show that there existed abrupt climatic changes of drought/flood for most parts of the basin during the 1910s,which were jumps from flood to drought phases.Meanwhile, it is should be pointed out that the jump was not non-local event in the basin.In addition,the possible reasons causing the jumps are discussed.By analysing the South Oscillation Index and the air temperature of the Northern Hemisphere using the same test, one can see that their abrupt changes occurred earlier than that of the drought/flood,indicating that these may be improtant background conditions for the event of abrupt climatic change of drought/flood.