地理科学 ›› 1994, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (1): 49-55.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1994.01.49

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

西藏土壤环境背景值的研究

张晓平   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所 长春130021
  • 收稿日期:1992-09-01 出版日期:1994-01-20 发布日期:1994-01-20

RESEARCH ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL BACKGROUND VALUES OF SOILS IN XIZANG

Zhang Xiaoping   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica, Changchun 130021
  • Received:1992-09-01 Online:1994-01-20 Published:1994-01-20

摘要: 通过对西藏表层土壤中205个样品的分析,得到西藏土壤中13种元素的环境背景值.西藏土壤中多数元素环境背景值高于全国平均水平.13个元素中只有V服从于正态分布,其它12个元素服从或接近服从于对数正态分布.

Abstract: The environmental background values of 13 elements of Hg,As,Se,Cr ,Mn,V,Pb, Cd,Zn,Cu,Ni,F and Co in Xizang soils are obtained through analyzing and determining 205 samples of surface soils in Xizang and the final data processing. The background val-ues of these elements are compared with those of the corresponding elements in the whole China,U. S. A and Alaska. It is found that the background values of major ele-ments in Xizang soils are higher than the average level of the whole China. The compari-son of background values between Alska and U. S. A shows a similar result. This is be-cause both Xizang and Alaska have a cold climate. Meanwhile, the factor correlation analysis of 13 elements in Xizang soils,organic matter,soil granularity and pH values of Xizang soils are carried out,and R-type cluster analysis is made for these 13 elements.