地理科学 ›› 1994, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (2): 118-126,199.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1994.02.118

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

近十余年来广东的经济增长与结构转化

李立勋, 邱建华, 许学强   

  1. 中山大学地理系 广州510275
  • 收稿日期:1993-09-01 出版日期:1994-03-20 发布日期:1994-03-20

ECONOMIC GROWTH AND RESTRUCTURING IN GUANGDONG DURING LAST TEN YEARS

Li Lixun, Qiu Jianhua, Xu Xueqiang   

  1. Department of Geography, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275
  • Received:1993-09-01 Online:1994-03-20 Published:1994-03-20

摘要: 自1978年我国实行改革开放政策以来,广东经济发展令人瞩目.本文主要从经济增长与结构转化两个方面研究广东的发展与基本趋向,总结其成果,分析存在问题,并对今后进一步发展提出若干政策建议.

Abstract: Guangdong is the so-called testing area of China’s reform and open policy. Since 1978 the rapid developmint of Guangdong has gradually portrayed as the great success resulting from reform and open policy. The present study emphasises the analysis of eco-nomic growth and restructuring:1.The basic characteristics of economic growth in Guangdong are rapid,steady and overall economic growth, thus resulting in the significant increase in people’ s living standard as well as the Guangdong’ s importance in national economic development. Guangdong has become one of a few leading areas in terms of economic development in China. However the problems such as inflation,decreasing economic efficiency also hap-pened and necessary measures should be taken to deal with those problems.2.The tendencies of economic restructuring are; a)the growth of non-agricultural economic activity; b)within agriculture the activities which are able to produce competi-tive products,high efficiency,foreign currency earning have been playing a more impor-tant role; c)the growth of light industry,high technology industry as well as manufac-ture industry. The problems in economic restrucuring are the stagnation of basic indus-try,lack of cooperation between traditional and modern economic activities etc. Policy should be made to prompt the development of basic economic sectors and perfecting re-gional division,market system and transportation system.3. The spatial pattern of economic development also changed. The coastal region in Guangdong,especially the Zhujiang River Delta has been having the exceeding develop-ment since 1978. Inter-regional communications in Guangdong has greatly intensified. A spatial pattern with the Zhujiang River Delta as the core area and coastal regions in the east and west Guangdong as the wings has gradually emerged. However regional imbal-ance,especially the gap between the mountainous region and the rest of Guangdong has also been increased. Appropriate preferential policy should be given to the mountainous region so as to attract investment in this region. Labor force and capital transfer among regions should be encouraged. Boosting the development of transportation and communi-cation so as to strengthen regional communications and unite the economic activities in Guangdong as an organic entity.