地理科学 ›› 1994, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (2): 172-176,200.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1994.02.172

• 纪念竺老逝世20周年 • 上一篇    下一篇

竺可桢教授开拓了中国气候变迁研究的道路

施雅风   

  1. 1. 中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所;
    2. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 南京210008
  • 收稿日期:1993-10-01 出版日期:1994-03-20 发布日期:1994-03-20

PROFESSOR ZHU KEZHEN OPENING UP A PATH FOR RESEARCH ON CLIMATIC CHANGE IN CHINA

Shi Yafeng   

  1. 1. Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Academia Sinica, Lanzhou 730000;
    2. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Academia Sinica Nanjing 210008
  • Received:1993-10-01 Online:1994-03-20 Published:1994-03-20

摘要: 竺可桢教授是中国杰出的科学家和教育家,研究领域覆盖气象学、地理学和自然科学史三个方面,中国历史时期的气候变化是他用力最深的研究课题,尤其最后发表也是最光辉的论著“中国近五千年来气候变迁的初步研究”,在国内和国际上引起广泛反响,他的研究方法与成果为中国气候变化研究开拓了道路.

Abstract: Professor Zhu Kezhen(Co-Ching Chu,1890-1974)was an outstanding scientist and educator. His research covered three fields including meteorology, geography and history of natural science. He published about 300 papers related to these fields. The his-toric climatic change in China was a subject which he most intensively studied. Eight pa-pers related to this subject were published by Professor Zhu Kezhen from 1925 to 1972. The last brilliant paper on the title"A Primary Study on Climatic Change in Past 5000 Years in China "reconstructed the climatic change history based on temperature index, particularly on winter temperature index. He concluded that the temperature was 2℃ higher in 5000-3000a B. P. than that at present and temperature in January was 3-5℃ higher then. He found that.in the latest 3000 years,there were major cycles of 400-800 years with an amplitude of 1-2℃ and small cycles of 50-100 years with an amplitude of 0.5-1.0℃. The temperature curves of the past 5000 years which Zhu Kezhen recon-structed in China basically alike the δ18O record from Camp Century Ice Core in Green-land. He was particularly good at analysing and summarizing historic data of phenology, archeology and meteorology and comparing with that at present. He also closely fol-lowed the international progress in science and technology. He considered that the study of historic climatic change was very useful to the forecast of future climatic change. His method in research and achievement opened up a new path for the study on the climatic change in China.