地理科学 ›› 1994, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (3): 201-210.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1994.03.201

• 论文 •    下一篇

我国的经济地域结构与区域能源战略的关系初探

李文彦, 樊杰   

  1. 中国科学院、国家计委地理研究所 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:1993-12-01 出版日期:1994-05-20 发布日期:1994-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    本文为中华人民共和国能源部”八五”重点软科学课题“2050年中国能源发展战略”子课题“区域经济布局与能源”阶段性研究成果

A PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE HIERARCHY OF ECONOMIC REGIONS AND ENERGY STRATEGY IN CHINA

Li Wenyan, Fan Jie   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica and the State Planning Commiossion, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1993-12-01 Online:1994-05-20 Published:1994-05-20

摘要: 本文探讨了我国大经济区的形成、发展及与能源发展关系的特征与类型,把七大经济区分为三类,即东北区与西南区(丰富资源、以重工业为主体,能源大体满足区内需要),华东、华南、华中区(经济发达,能源贫乏),华北、西北区(经济差异大,但能源丰富,为全国能源基地).也论述了省区经济特征与能源发展的关系.

Abstract: While working out both the regional development and energy strategy,full attention have to be paid to their relationship. Under China’s circumstances;there are three levels of economic regions,i, e. macro-economic region, provincial (or equivalent) one, and sub-provincial one. This paper mainly deals with the relationship between energy strategy and the first,second levels of economic regions.In the author’s opinion,implication of macro-economic region should include; (1) considerably large land area and population, (2)considerably powerful economic strength and relatively complete industrial system, (3)several leading industries and a number of specialized products, (4)developed complex transport system, (5)at least one core area and a number of central cities,and (6)powerful energy bases and electricity system. In terms of regional economy and its relationship with energy,three types of macro-eco-nomic regions can be classified as follows; (1)Northeast China and Southwest China, (2) East China,South China and Central China, (3)North china and Northwest China.The province is the most basic economic area unit of China. According to the energy reserves,economic development and energy supply, the provinces in China could be di-vided into 5 types; (1)provinces or municipalities with developed economy,advantage in manufacturing industries, lack of energy resources and intensely energy import, (2) provinces with a middle development level and heavy industrial structure,some energy reserves which enable to balance the huge energy demand,and coal import ever increas-ing, (3)provinces with middle development or underdeveloped level,limitation in energy resource and definite amount of energy import, (4)provinces with a middle development or underdeveloped level,abundant energy reserves and huge energy export, (5)provinces with a middle deveplopment level or underdeveloped level and balanced energy between demand and supply.