地理科学 ›› 1995, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (2): 182-187.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1995.02.182

• 研究报道 • 上一篇    下一篇

敦煌莫高窟岩体盐风化过程的初步研究

屈建军1, 张明泉2, 张伟民1, 王远萍1, 戴枫年1, 张虎元2, 曾正中2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院兰州沙漠所, 兰州730000;
    2. 兰州大学地质系, 兰州730000
  • 收稿日期:1994-03-01 出版日期:1995-03-20 发布日期:1995-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    甘肃省自然科学基金资助项目

A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON WEATHERING PROCESS OF SALT IN ROCK BODY AT MOGAO GROTTES,DUNHUANG

Qu Jianjun1, Zhang Mingquan2, Zhang Weimin1, Wang Yuanping1, Dai Fengjun1, Zhang Huyuan2, Zeng Zhengzhong2   

  1. 1. Institute of Desert Research, Acadcmia Sinica, Lanzhon 730000;
    2. Department of Geology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000
  • Received:1994-03-01 Online:1995-03-20 Published:1995-03-20

摘要: 盐风化是莫高窟岩体风化的重要因素之一、本文研究了莫高窟盐风化作用的性质、机制和强度,通过对比分析,说明芒硝等可溶盐是主要的风化盐类.还阐述了莫高窟岩体盐风化的环境背景条件.

Abstract: Salt weathering is one of the important factors to weather the rock body at Mogao Grottoes. By a preliminary research on the property, mechanism and strength of salt weathering action, the paper proves that the Na2SO4, NaCl, MgSO4, CaSO4?2H2O, Ca(HCO3)2. are main materials to weather rocks in this area and points out the importance of moisture action in salt weathering process and sets forth the background of salt weathering in the rock. The purpose is to provide a scientific basis for the protection of the Dunhuang frescoes and the rock body of Grottoes.