地理科学 ›› 1995, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (4): 344-350,394.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1995.04.344

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

古土壤CaCO3淀积层与大气降水入渗形式研究

赵景波   

  1. 西安地质学院 西安710054
  • 收稿日期:1994-08-11 修回日期:1995-07-12 出版日期:1995-07-20 发布日期:1995-07-20
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院西安黄土与第四纪开放实验室资助课题

A STUDY ON THE CaCO3 ILLUVIALHORIZONS OF PALEOSOLS AND PERMEATED PATTERN FOR RAIN WATER

Zhao Jingbo   

  1. Xi’an College of Geology, Xi’an 710054
  • Received:1994-08-11 Revised:1995-07-12 Online:1995-07-20 Published:1995-07-20

摘要: 根据黄土中古土壤CaCO3淀积深度、CaCO3含量和淋深裂隙等的研究,确定了CaCO3淀积层分布深度代表了重力水入渗的深度,古土壤顶部到CaCO3淀积层底部之间的距间为重力水入渗带的厚度范围.重力水入渗深度可反映降水量的高低,并可用作研究薄膜水入渗带和潜水位埋深的依据.

Abstract: According to the study on the illuvial depth of CaCO3, CaCO3 content and leached cracks, it is determined that moving depth of CaCO3 illuvial horizon represents the permeated depth of gravitative water, and the distance from the top of paleosol to the bottom of CaCO3 illuvial horizon is the thickness for the permeated zone for gravitative water.The permeated depth of gravitative water can reliably reflect the precipitation and can be used as the basis for determining the depth of film water zone and groundwater level. In general, groundwater can be classified into the gravitative water zone and the film water zone, but the gravitative water may stretch down to the groundwater level and film water zone is lacking in the area with rich rainfall.The precipitation during the development of the paleosols from 1st to 7th layer was between 600 and 1000 mm, with maximum difference less than one time. However the permeated depth for gravitative water of seven layers of paleosol is between 7.4 and 0.7 m, with maximum difference more than ten times, which demonstrates that the rainfall during warm and moist periods of Pleistocene was uneven, rain season and dry season were obvious, that increased rainfall mainly concentrated in rain season, and the difference in rainfall between dry period and moist pertod was great in rain season and little in dry season.