地理科学 ›› 1995, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (4): 359-367,394.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1995.04.359

• 问题讨论 • 上一篇    下一篇

持续发展与地理学之管见

刘盛佳   

  1. 华中师范大学地理系 武汉430070
  • 收稿日期:1994-10-01 修回日期:1995-04-01 出版日期:1995-07-20 发布日期:1995-07-20

MY HUMBLE OPINION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND GEOGRAPHY

Liu Shengjia   

  1. Geography Department, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430070
  • Received:1994-10-01 Revised:1995-04-01 Online:1995-07-20 Published:1995-07-20

摘要: 影响持续发展的主要问题是人口、资源、环境和发展在分布失衡状态下的不协调关系,解决此问题的关键是加快人类社会的全面发展和人口、能量、物质、信息的合理流动.面对持续发展问题,地理学必须将地域差异规律和分布不平衡规律统一起来,将流、网络、界线构成空间系统,并将流的建设——地理建设作为服务于人类社会持续发展的舞台.

Abstract: Sustainable development can be summarized as the establishment and development of the coordinated relationship among population, resources, environments and development. Excessive population growth, lack of natural resources, aggravated environment problems have seriously hampered the sustainable development of human society of the 21st century. In this thesis, the author thinks that the main problem of the sustainable development and the coordinated relationship is the unbalanced distribution of population, resources, environments and development in the material world, while the unbalanced development of human society intensifies the unbalanced distribution of the material world, therefore, it brings about the uncoordinated relatonship under the unbalanced conditions. Besides the controlling of excessive growth of population, the key point to resolve this problem is to promote the all-round development of human society, especially to quicken the development of the developing countries and strengthen the reasonable flow of population, energy, material and information, so that it can establish a scientific intelligent adjusting system.Geography always takes the coordinated relationship among population, resources, environments and development, that is, the relationship between the development of human society and geography conditions as one of the most concerned study fields. Facing the sustainable development problems which the whole world concerns, geography must unify the regional difference law with the material unbalanced distribution law, and reveal the movement developing law of the coordinated relationship among population, resources, environments and development by the space system which is consisted of flow, network and boundry line, and take the construction of flow-geographic construction as a stage where it will serve the sustainable development of human society, so geography will serve the sustainable development of human society, and achieve a revolutionized development.