地理科学 ›› 1995, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (4): 385-390,394.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1995.04.385

• 研究报道 • 上一篇    下一篇

呼伦贝尔草原区辉河下游芦苇资源研究

张柏, 孙伯达, 王祁春   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所 长春130021
  • 收稿日期:1994-05-10 修回日期:1995-02-20 出版日期:1995-07-20 发布日期:1995-07-20

A STUDY ON REED RESOURCES IN THE LOWERREACHES OF HUIHE RIVER IN HULUN BUIRGRASSLAND OF CHINA

Zhang Bai, Sun Baida, Wang Qichun   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica, Changchun 130021
  • Received:1994-05-10 Revised:1995-02-20 Online:1995-07-20 Published:1995-07-20

摘要: 利用遥感图象和实测数据相结合的方法,对呼伦贝尔草原区辉河下游芦苇资源的分布及动态进行研究,并提出保护性利用措施,为本区芦苇资源的保护和利用提供基本数据.

Abstract: The paper mainly analyses the distribution and change of reed resources in the lower reaches of the Huihe River in Hulun Buir grassland of China on the basis of remote sensing information and specimen spot data. In order to preserve and use effectively reed resources, a proposal is also put forward. 1) Though the area belongs to semi-dry grassland zone, the climate is not suitable to reed growing, which need a lot of water, there are many wetlands caused by the winding course of swamp stream on the smooth grasslands (gradient is about 1:2500), they provide fine natural conditions for reed growing, so that in the wetlands the reed comnunity covers an area of more than 300 km2. 2) The moisture difference, caused by the geomorphologic difference results in the difference of reed growth. The reed there can be divided into three degrees according to the qualitative features (height, major diameter, density), grantiative feature (weight per unit) and remote sensing images (colour, tone, etc.). 3) Compared with the historical data it is shown that the reed in the area has been already degenerated. The major reasons are climatic changes and improper utilization. In order to preserve and use the read resources most properly, it is necessary to build irrigation works and improve production management.