地理科学 ›› 1996, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (4): 298-304.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1996.04.298

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

从新构造应力场论公路水毁问题——兼论地貌发育的对抗性原理

艾南山1, 陈洪凯2, 李后强1   

  1. 1. 四川联合大学物理系, 成都610064;
    2. 重庆交通学院水港系, 重庆630074;
    3. 四川联合大学物理系, 成都610064
  • 收稿日期:1995-08-30 修回日期:1996-04-24 出版日期:1996-07-20 发布日期:1996-07-20
  • 基金资助:
    成都理工学院地质灾害防治;工程地质环境保护国家专业实验室开放基金资助;国家自然科学基金资助(编号49271011,地貌系统演化的非线性动力学研究).

IMPACT OF THE NEOTECTONIC STRESS FIELD ON FAILURE AND WASHOUT OF ROAD

Ai Nanshan1, Chen Hongkai2, Li Houqiang1   

  1. 1. Dept, of Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064;
    2. Deft, of Waterway & Habor Engineering, Chongqing Jiaotong Institute, Chongqing 630074;
    3. Dept, of physics, Sichuan University, Changdu 610064
  • Received:1995-08-30 Revised:1996-04-24 Online:1996-07-20 Published:1996-07-20

摘要: 根据沙依德格尔的对抗性原理,研究了新构造应力场对公路水毁的影响问题,发现在高应力区,如果公路走向平行于新构造应力场的剪切面或垂直于这个应力场的主压应力方向,公路的稳定性即将变坏.

Abstract: Scheidegger’s Antagonism Principle about two types of process active in the formation of Earth’s surface landforms is a fundamental principle of landscape evolution. The two processes have a basic different stochastic nature, endogenic processes are essentially systematic(non-random)and exogenic ones essentially random. The genesis of orientation structure of river valley along which highway is mostly built has tranditionally been ascribed solely to exogenic, nontectonic causes. The orienta-tion is not random indeed but corresponds to the shear lines of a neotectonic stress field in an area. Road can be regarded as a kind of artificial landscape on which the neotectonic stress field has an effect in same way. If direction of a road is parallel with shear lines or perpendicular to principle press stress of a neotectonic stress field, its stability will go bad specially in a high geostress area. Investigation on the failure and washout disarsters, of roads in South Gansu Province and West Sichuan Province has proved this hypothesis.The water destruction of road being similar to destruction of a navigation channel or road tunnel is a kind of natural disas-ter of the man-earth system which is a behavior in the critical state of complex system and should be researched by the ap-proaches of nonlinear dynamics or complexity thoery from the Man-Earth Synergetics.