地理科学 ›› 1997, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (2): 141-149.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.02.141

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

红壤丘陵小区域水平上不同时段土壤质量变化的评价和分析

王效举, 龚子同   

  1. 中国科学院南京土壤研究所 南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:1996-03-11 修回日期:1996-10-28 出版日期:1997-03-20 发布日期:1997-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金

EVALUATION AND ANALYSIS OF SOIL QUALITY CHANGES IN DIFFERENT TIME PERIODS AT SMALL REGIONAL LEVEL IN RED SOIL HILLY REGIONS

Wang Xiaoju, Gong Zitong   

  1. Institute of Soil Science, Academia Sinica, Nanjing 210008
  • Received:1996-03-11 Revised:1996-10-28 Online:1997-03-20 Published:1997-03-20

摘要: 引入相对土壤质量指数的概念,应用地理信息系统技术,为小区域水平上土壤质量时空变化的评价提供了一种方法,并用于千烟洲试验站开垦利用11a后土壤质量变化的评价。统计分析了农田、桔园、牧草地、人工林、天然林等多种土地利用方式下土壤质量变化的特征。

Abstract: Soil quality is one of the most important factors for sustaining the global biosphere and the basis for sustainable agriculture development. A method for evaluating soil quality changes in time and space at small regional level was developed and used to evaluate the changes of soil quality in Qian Yan Zhou Experimental Station (QYZES) located in subtropical zone in China after 11-year reclamation. The characteristics of soil quality changes in crop land, citrus orchards, pasture, sparse grass land, artificial forests, natural forests, bare land and other land use patterns were analyzed and discussed. Supported with the software of ARC/INFO and FOXBASE, the Qian-Yan-Zhou Soil Quality Information System (QYZSQIS) was developed. By introducing a concept of relative soil quality index (RSQI), soil quality and its changes were evaluated at the small regional level of QYZES from 1983 to 1994. The study proved that the development of QYZSQIS combining with database of soil changes in various periods was an effective method for evaluating changes of soil quality in time and space at small regional levels, which may be suitable to regional levels, RSQI could serve as uniform criteria making quality levels of regional soils comparative, and ΔRSQI, the changed value of RSQI, was a good standard for the evaluation of soil quality changes. After 11-year reclamation, soils with both very low quality and very high quality were decreased in area, and soil with medium quality obviously increased. As to the land use patterns, soil quality in paddy fields, vegetable fields, and citrus orchards was dominantly improved, however, in fuel woods, sparse grass land, and bare land was mainly degraded. Herb plays an important role in conservation and improvement of soil quality in subtropicalzone in China. The study also shows that soils with higher fertility were degraded more easily. It has the same significance both for improving low quality soils and conserving higher quality soils.