地理科学 ›› 1997, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (3): 193-200.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1997.03.193

• 论文 •    下一篇

港澳地区对中国内地直接投资的区位选择及其空间扩散

贺灿飞, 陈颖   

  1. 北京师范大学国家资源与环境科学系/教委环境演变与自然灾害开放研究室, 北京100875
  • 收稿日期:1996-05-04 修回日期:1996-11-06 出版日期:1997-05-20 发布日期:1997-05-20

LOCATIONAL DISTRIBUTION AND SPATIAL DIFFUSION OF HONGKONG-MACAO’S FDIS IN CHINA

He Canfei, Chen Ying   

  1. Department of Resource and Environment Science, Open Research Laboratory of Environmental Changes and Natural Disasters of the State Education Commission, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
  • Received:1996-05-04 Revised:1996-11-06 Online:1997-05-20 Published:1997-05-20

摘要: 对港澳地区在中国内地直接投资的空间分布及其空间转移做了实证分析,表明港澳地区对中国内地的直接投资趋向于沿海地区和与之有特殊社会文化联系的区位,同时更有向中西部和北部转移的趋势;决定港澳地区对中国内地投资空间模式和转移态势的因素是经济规模、经济增长速率、劳动力因素、经济开放度、与沿海的经济距离等。

Abstract: Foreign direct investments(or FDIs) have been employed since the early 1980s.and they have become more and more important in Chinese economic development.However,the roles of FDIs are very different between regions,partly due to the different locational preference of various source countries.Some facts show that FDIs from Hongkong-Macao indicate a strong locational preference.Therefore,this paper attempts to make an empirical research on the locational preference of Hongkong-Macao’FDIs and their spatial diffusion under the support of statistical data with regression analysis.In this paper,three statistical models,including the special location model,the general location model and the spatial diffusion model,are created.The results show that this kind of analysis is successful.The major conclusions are as follows:1.The optimum location for FDIs from Hongkong-Macao lies in the coastal area,especially Guangdong,Hainan,Jiangsu,Shandong,Fujian provinces.Besides,Hubei Province in the middle area is also an important region.2.The FDIs from Hongkong-Macao in China have diffused gradually from the coastal provinces to the inland regions,the northern and the metropolis and from the locations that had attracted investment to their vicinities since the 1990s.3.The special locational factors,such as the border location,the unique social and cultural ties are the key factors determining the special locational distribution.4.The general location and spatial diffusion of Hongkong-Macao’s FDIs are the results of interplay of several economic factors.They are the economic scale and advantage,the growth rate,the labor force and economic extroversion.The author believes that it is only a preliminary analysis and further research becomes very necessary in the near future.