地理科学 ›› 1998, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (2): 190-195.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1998.02.190

• 研究报道 • 上一篇    

清江流域气候资源及其开发利用

吴宜进1, 邓先瑞2, 陈晓光2, 乔盛西 3   

  1. 1. 武汉大学历史系 武汉 430072;
    2. 华中师范大学地理系 武汉 430070;
    3. 湖北省气候应用研究所 武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:1996-12-10 修回日期:1997-09-15 出版日期:1998-03-20 发布日期:1998-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    湖北省社会科学基金

THE CLIMATIC RESOURCE IN THE QINGJIANG RIVER VALLEY AND ITS DEVELOPMENT AND UTILIZATION

Wu Yijin1, Deng Xianrui2, Chen Xiaoguang2, Qiao Shengxi3   

  1. 1. History Department, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072;
    2. Geography Department, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430070;
    3. Climate Research Institute of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430074
  • Received:1996-12-10 Revised:1997-09-15 Online:1998-03-20 Published:1998-03-20

摘要: 论述了清江流域气候资源的独特性及其形成原因,为充分开发当地的气候资源,根据气象条件适宜、经济价值高和市场需求量大等指标,提出了重点开发项目;并针对清江河谷气候资源利用中的主要限制因素是冬季的低温冻害的特点,对利用气候资源的风险进行了分析。

Abstract: This paper discussed the unique climatic resource in the Qingjiang River valley. The features of the climatic resource in the area can be concluded as follows. (1) It is very warm in winter and frost period is short. (2) There are two different heat zones along the river valley, that is, north subtropic and centeral subtopic zones. (3) According to the sea level elevation, the mountain can be divided into several climate zones. (4) Precipitation is even around the whole year and rainfall can be used effectively by crops. In addition, it has been found that both totography and meteorological systems rusult in these features. In order to exploit the climatic resource, we have recommended some crops for the different heat zones. These crops must be: under suitable climate condition,high economic value and great market demand. Therefore, It is suggested that: (1) below the sea level elevation 500 m is suitable for citrus and tung oil tree, (2) tea tree and masson pine could be planted between 500 m and 800 m, (3) mushroom and Chinese chestnut are suitable for the elevation 800 m-1200 m, (4) the land above 1200 m can be used for forage grass and medicinal materials. Finally, the dangers of climatic resource used in this region have also been evaluated in this paper.

中图分类号: 

  • P463.1