地理科学 ›› 1998, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (2): 99-105.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1998.02.99

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国农村工业发展在城镇化过程中的作用——对我国7个建制镇的实证研究

樊杰   

  1. 中国科学院, 国家计划委员会地理研究所 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:1996-07-08 修回日期:1997-03-02 出版日期:1998-03-20 发布日期:1998-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    德国大众汽车基金会;香港王宽诚-德国DAAD科研奖学金

A CASE STADY ON THE ROLE OF RURAL INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE PROCESS OF URBANIZATION IN CHINA

Fan Jie   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1996-07-08 Revised:1997-03-02 Online:1998-03-20 Published:1998-03-20

摘要: 基于对我国6省7个建制镇的实地调查研究,本文侧重于从就业结构变化、人口迁移、小城镇建设和资金来源、小城镇工业布局等方面,探讨了中国农村工业化在城镇化中的作用,作者认为,发展小城镇是我国实现城镇化的一条重要途径。

Abstract: The rapid development of rural industrialization in China in the past decade or so has promoted significantly the urbanization of rural areas in the country as well as the process of national industrialization. In the surveyed towns 68.8% of the workers came from rural areas. The average radius of the enterprises hinterland was 2.28 km. 80.4% of the workers were from the administrative area of the town. This fact indicates that the development of rural industry has played a very important role in rural urbanization by changing the employment structure of the rural areas. With the increase of the industrialization level in rural areas, the rural enterprises will attract more and more workers of distant areas. For example, 25.7% of the workers in Dongting Town in Jiangsu Province came from other provinces, 60% from the employment in rural industrial enterprises. Based on those field survey and empirical study on the seven established towns in six provinces, the author elaborates in this paper the role of China’s rural industrialization in the national urbanization by analyzing the employment restructuring of labors, population movement, financial source for the construction of small towns, the location of industry in town sites, and the author proposes that the development of small towns is an important approach for China to realize urbanization.

中图分类号: 

  • F291