地理科学 ›› 1998, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (4): 335-341.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1998.04.335

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国交通通信基础设施的区域发展类型研究

金凤君1, 王缉宪2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 香港大学地质地理系, 香港
  • 收稿日期:1997-12-15 修回日期:1998-04-20 出版日期:1998-07-20 发布日期:1998-07-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(批准号49571023,交通经济带发展机理及其模式研究);中国科学院区域持续发展研究中心的资助(中国区域发展报告)

REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE IN CHINA

Jin Fengjun1, James Jixian Wang2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101;
    2. Department of Geology and Geography, Hong Kong University
  • Received:1997-12-15 Revised:1998-04-20 Online:1998-07-20 Published:1998-07-20

摘要: 以基础设施与区域发展关系为主线,分析评价了我国区域交通基础设施的总体发展态势、区域交通通信基础设施的状态类型及其所形成的投资环境,以及区域交通通信基础设施发展的因素。

Abstract: As an important part of regional development, the improvement of regional infrastructure is dependent on investment ability based on regional economic level. On the other hand, the superior regional development is based on an advantageous infrastructure system. In this paper, the regional development patterns of transportation and communication infrastructure in China are discussed. Since 1990, the investment of infrastructure of transportation and communication has increased very quickly, which has stimulated the change of the infrastructure system. However, different regional patterns took shape because of different investment scales and varied bases among provincial regions. “Priority to the superiors” is adopted as the basic regional development pattern for infrastructure construction in the 1990s. That is, relative developed regions with high investment capacities, such as most coastal provinces, have experienced a rapid development of infrastructure system in the 1990s. On the contrary, in the developing regions with limited investment capacities, such as many interior provinces, infrastructure systems have been developed slowly in the 1990s. This enlarged the development disparity between coastal areas and inland areas. In the 1990s, there are four types in transportation and communication infrastructure development among the provincial regions. First, there are 8 provinces with most advanced infrastructural base and a most rapid development in the country, namely Beijing, Liaoning, Shanghai, Tianjin, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong, Guangdong. Second, there are 5 provinces including Hebei, Anhui, Fujian, Henan, Hubei, which have a more advanced infrastructural base and a more rapid development. Third another 11 provinces and autonomous regions remain at the average national level, they are Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hainan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Shanxi. Finally the rest 6 provinces and autonomous regions have a feature of less advanced base and lower development speed in the country, namely Xizang, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Xinjiang, and Guizhou. In addition, some key factors are discussed.

中图分类号: 

  • F503