地理科学 ›› 1999, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (2): 152-157.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1999.02.152

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国华南地域结构的形成、演变与优化研究

吕拉昌1, 许学强2   

  1. 1. 广州师范学院地理系;
    2. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心
  • 出版日期:1999-03-20 发布日期:1999-03-20

THE FORMATION, EVOLUTION AND OPTIMIZATION OF TERRITORIAL STRUCTURE IN SOUTH CHINA

Lu Lachang1, Xu Xieqiang2   

  1. 1. Department of Geography, GuangZhou Normal College, Guangzhou 510400;
    2. Centre of Urban & Regional Studies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275
  • Online:1999-03-20 Published:1999-03-20

摘要:

伴随着世界地缘政治格局的转换,边缘地区由军事对抗渗透逐步向多方经济合作、交错方向发展。改革开放之后,中国华南地区利用毗邻港澳优越的地缘环境、以华人文化为纽带,吸引了港澳台的大量资金投入珠江三角洲及边缘地区,形成了日益典型的核心边缘模式。阐述了中国华南地域结构的形成、组成结构、演化规律及地域功能设计,在此基础上提出了华南地域结构优化的途径。

Abstract:

With the change of geopolitical pattern of the world, Pacific rim area increases economic cooperation,instead of military antagonism. Afer reform and open to outside world, south China takes in an amount of investment from Hongkong, Macao and Taiwan, taking advantage of superior geo environment and thus forms a typical model of core periphery. The core Periphery model in south China is territorially made of three parts: core area Hongkong, Macao and Taiwan; second core area Zhujiang delta; peripherial area Hunan Province, Jiangxi Province, Fujian Province and Hainan Province and the Guangxi zhuang Autonomous Region. The evolution of this model can be divided into four stages: (1)the stage of polarization of core area; (2)the stage of second core area strongly controlled by core area; (3)the transitional stage of second core area; (4)the stage of south China territorially unified. Taking the core periphery model in south China as an integrity of interrelational and rational division, its whole functional organized system is “input-product-assemble-output”, core area is mainly the managed and transported centre, second core area has product and productive control function and become centre of manufacturing centre of study and development, periphery area is constructed as the centre of material and raw material and the base of agricutural and side line product. Based on the analysis of the formative structure,evolutional law and the design of territorial function, we suggust the way of territerial optimization as follows: (1) to establish the large hinterland which takes Xijiang water basin as its core; (2) to construct the hign and renewed technogical corridor; (3) to construct stable and varied material and raw material bases; (4) to reinforce the organization and adjustment and managment between core area, second core area and periphericl area; (5) to constuct the varied corridor among core area, second core area and perpheric area.