地理科学 ›› 1999, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (2): 97-101.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1999.02.97

• 论文 •    下一篇

水资源:21世纪全球更加关注的重大资源问题之一

邓伟, 何岩   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所 长春 130021
  • 收稿日期:1998-05-19 修回日期:1999-01-26 出版日期:1999-03-20 发布日期:1999-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院重点项目“中国粮食安全的分区水资源供需分析及对策”(项目号:KZ952-J1-032)

WATER RESOURCE: ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT RESOURCE PROBLEMS TO BE PAID MORE ATTENTION IN THE WORLD IN 21ST CENTURY

Deng Wei, He Yan   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130021
  • Received:1998-05-19 Revised:1999-01-26 Online:1999-03-20 Published:1999-03-20

摘要: 水是人类社会赖以生存的必要物质基础。近百年来人口爆炸性的增长,给全球资源、环境都带来了巨大的压力。人类自身生存不仅消耗巨量水资源,而且还向环境中排放大量的污染物,造成水环境的明显恶化,使全球可利用的淡水资源日益减少,供需矛盾加剧,而全球气候变化又使水资源利用产生一系列新问题。我国是贫水国之一,加上人口众多,水环境和水资源利用问题相当严重。应根据国情、水情,寻求水资源持续利用方式和途径,从严管水,为我国社会经济持续发展提供必要的水资源保证。

Abstract: Water is indispensable material base on which society depends to develop. Mankind has exerted huge pressure on the resource and environment of the earth by themselves explosive population increasing in about one hundred years. On the one hand, mankind itself is consuming huge water resources, on the other hand, mankind has being gived out enormous contaminants into environment, which have resulted into the obvious water environment worsen such as the gradually decreasing fresh water resource, the aggravating contradictory between providing and need of fresh water resource. Furthermore, the climate changes of earth have brought about new problems how to use fresh water resource. China is one of the countries that have poor fresh water resource; moreover, China has huge population, which have led to considerably serious problems of water environment and development of water resource. So we have to search the sustainable way of water resource development and control and manage strictly the development of water resource according to our national conditions, which will provide the necessary guarantee of water resource for sustainable development of our nation.

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