地理科学 ›› 2000, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (1): 88-91.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2000.01.88

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

新亚欧大陆桥新疆段水害时空分维特征研究

陈亚宁, 杨思全, 李卫红   

  1. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 新疆乌鲁木齐830011
  • 收稿日期:1999-05-17 修回日期:1999-09-12 出版日期:2000-01-20 发布日期:2000-01-20
  • 基金资助:
    新疆重点科研项目(98013010);中国科学院“西部之光”人才培养计划资助项目成果之一

Study on the Space-Time Fractal Dimension Characteristics of Environmental Hazards in Xinjiang Line of New Eurasian Continental Bridge

CHEN Ya-ning, YANG Si-quan, LI Wei-hong   

  1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi Xinjiang 830011
  • Received:1999-05-17 Revised:1999-09-12 Online:2000-01-20 Published:2000-01-20

摘要: 基于区域自然灾害发生的复杂性和不确定性,运用分形、混沌理论,对新亚欧大陆桥新疆段近38年的洪水灾害资料进行了时空分维特征研究。结果表明:陆桥新疆段洪水灾害不仅在时间序列上具有自相似性,其容量维Df在0.0497~0.0678间,而且在空间序列上也具有自相似性,存在明显分维结构,其信息维D1在0.0537~0.0797之间。洪水灾害严重区段的信息分维值较低,并且信息分维与洪水灾害发生频度呈反相关。这一特征将有助于我们认识灾害发生规律和动力学特征。

Abstract: Fractal and Chaos Theory is a subject on entering a kind of special disordered state in the process of system evolution. In this paper, based on the random and indefinite of regional natural disaster, the space time fractal characteristic of the flood hazard in Xinjiang Line of New Eurasian Continental Bridge is studied using the Fractal and Chaos Theory. The analysis of 38-year flood hazard data shows that the flood hazard in Xinjiang Line have self-similarity not only in the time alignment (volume fractal dimension Df varied from 0.0497 to 0.0678), but in the space alignment (informative fractal dimension D1 varied from 0.0531 to 0.0797). Moreover, except for showing the grades of flood hazard as time alignment by the relationship that volume fractal dimension Df is in inverse proportion to the disaster grades, space alignment can reveal the irregularity of flood hazard distribution.The result from this is useful for us to recognize the inner regularity and dynamic characteristic of the flood hazard.

中图分类号: 

  • TV122