地理科学 ›› 2000, Vol. ›› Issue (6): 487-493.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2000.06.487

• 论文 •    下一篇

论我国区域发展与区域政策的地学基础

陆大道, 刘卫东   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2000-05-22 修回日期:2000-08-09 出版日期:2000-11-20 发布日期:2000-11-20
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院"九五"重大项目"中国陆地表层系统与区域可持续发展"(编号K2951-B1-203-1)资助。

Analysis of Geo-factors behind Regional Development and Regional Policy in China

LU Da-dao, LIU Wei-dong   

  1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101
  • Received:2000-05-22 Revised:2000-08-09 Online:2000-11-20 Published:2000-11-20

摘要: 改革开放以来我国区域经济发展十分活跃,形成了地区差距不断扩大的局面。但这是众多因素共同作用的结果,并非是单纯的"政策说"可以完全解释的。其中,地学因素是基础性的影响因素。所谓地学因素指人地关系中的"地"要素以及人地相互作用所形成的空间结构基础;它对区域发展的影响是相对比较稳定和长久的。本文从强调地学因素在区域发展中的重要性和在国家制定区域政策中应起到的作用从这样一个角度出发,分析论述影响我国区域发展的地学因素,包括自然条件、区位因素、资源禀赋、生态环境和基础设施等。并基于对地学因素的分析提出我国区域发展总体战略的构想。

Abstract: Since the 1980s, economic development in China has been remarkably vigorous as a result of the smooth but continued opening and reform and the gradual development of a socialist market economy. Indeed, fast growth has been turbulently transforming the physical, social and economic structure of different regions, leading to increasing regional disparity of development. Issues related to regional disparity have been deeply concerned by both state and local policy-makers, and the whole society as well. At present, the Chinese central government is making great efforts to accelerate the development of the west region, with the hope of smoothing the gap between the west and the east. Regional development and disparity, however, are the result of handful factors, and can not be well understood by the sole policy explanation. Among these factors, geo-factors are fundamental. From the perspective of human-nature relation, geo-factors that effect regional development are the nature part in such a relation and the spatial structure resulted from the interaction between human activities and the nature, including natural conditions, location, endowment of natural resources, eco environment and infrastructures. Compared to economic factors, the geo-factors have a steady and prolonged impact on regional development. This paper analyses the regional features of geo-factors, stresses their functions in regional development and their significant role in policy making, and raises suggestions to future regional policy making based on such a geo-factors analysis.

中图分类号: 

  • F061.5