地理科学 ›› 2000, Vol. ›› Issue (6): 557-562.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2000.06.557

• 研究报道 • 上一篇    下一篇

贵州普定后寨地下河流域岩溶水特征研究

王腊春1, 许有鹏1, 张立峰1, 史运良1, 汪文富2   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市与资源学系, 江苏 南京210093;
    2. 贵州省普定岩溶研究办公室, 贵州 普定 562100
  • 收稿日期:2000-01-17 修回日期:2000-05-16 出版日期:2000-11-20 发布日期:2000-11-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家"九五"攻关项目资助(批准号:黔科合社字1998(1151)号)实验室成果编号:SCIEL 21199114

The Characteristic Study of Karst Water at Houzhai Underground Basin in Puding County, Guizhou Province

WANG La-chu1, XU You-peng1, ZHANG Li feng1, SHI Yun-liang1, WANG Wen-fu2   

  1. 1. The Department of Urban and Resources Science of Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093;
    2. The Experiment Station of Karst Research, Puding County, Guizhou 562100
  • Received:2000-01-17 Revised:2000-05-16 Online:2000-11-20 Published:2000-11-20

摘要: 岩溶地区由于独特的地貌地质结构,其岩溶水特征也具有特殊性和复杂性。以贵州普定后寨地下河流域为例,从岩溶水形成机制出发,通过脉冲试验和降雨天然脉冲分析,论述了流域岩溶水水文特征、水化学特征及其与流域贮水结构、地貌地质结构的相互关系以及隙流水和管流水的转化关系。这对非均一含水介质岩溶水运动研究、岩溶水文模拟及岩溶水资源开发利用均有一定的参考意义。

Abstract: The hydrography of karst water is specificity and complexity because of the special geomorphological structure and geological structure. As a case study at Houzhai underground river basin in Puding County, Guizhou province, the karst hydrological characteristic and the karst hydrochemistry characteristic are description based on analysis the formation of karst water in this paper. The storage structure and the geomorphological structure or geological structure relationship, the fissure flow and the conduit flow conversion are also description through the pulse test and the precipitation pulse. In the karst peak forest depression, the karst is bare carbinate bedrock and fissure is development. There are sinkholes or infundibulars in the depression and they link the underground river directly. In this area, the storage capacity is low and the hydrography is sharp. The hydrograph is agile response for the precipitation. The base flow in the hydrograph is small.In the peak valley, the karst is covered by topsoil. The collecting area is larger in this area than in the peak forest depression area. The conduit distribution is treelike. The karst storage capacity is high and a mount of fissure flow or conduit flow recharge the outlet after the peak, the hydrograph decay is slow and base flow is high. The storage capacity of covered topsoil and conduit in karst polje is larger than it is in peak valley.With the analyzing the decay curve of the outlet of the underground river basin at Maoshuikeng station, the conduit storage is 3%-10% of the total water storage and fissure storage is 90%-97% of the total storage.The karst hydrochemistry types in the basin are simple. The type is fresh water with low mineral and low hardness. The hydrochemistry characteristic is varying with the hydrograph alteration and the geomorphological structure distribution in the area.This method that using in this paper is useful for karst water research in various storage medium structures. The result is a referential for karst hydrological simulation and karst water resource using.

中图分类号: 

  • P641.134