地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (1): 110-113.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.01.110

• 研究报道 • 上一篇    下一篇

东北地区煤矸石环境危害及对策

刘汝海, 王起超, 刘景双   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所, 吉林, 长春, 130021
  • 收稿日期:2000-10-10 修回日期:2001-02-20 出版日期:2002-01-20 发布日期:2002-01-20
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院资源与生态环境研究重点项目东北危急矿(林)区环境、经济协调发展及生态重建研究(KZ952-J1-213).

Hazards and Countermeasures of the Gangue in Northeast of China

LIU Ru-hai, WANG Qi-chao, LIU Jing-shuang   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130021
  • Received:2000-10-10 Revised:2001-02-20 Online:2002-01-20 Published:2002-01-20

摘要: 东北矿区开采历史长,煤矸石的累计堆存量大,煤矸石对环境的危害显著.文章分析了东北地区主要煤矿煤矸石的理化性质,论述了煤矸石对矿区大气、水、生态环境造成的危害,由此提出该区对煤矸石进行综合利用、开展土地复垦和加强管理等对策.

Abstract: In the Northeast of China, the mining history is long and the accumulation of gangue is huge. The production of gangue is about 33Mt in 1996 and about 59.7% of gangue was used. The gangue hill has influenced the environments and people’s health around. In this paper, the features and the hazards of gangues were analyzed, then we give the methods of utilization of gangue in the Northeast of China,for example used as fuel of pulverized-coal boiler in gangue powder plant, the production of building materials, the chemical deep processing of gangue, ecological reclaim of gangue hill etc. At last, some policies were proposed to administer the gangue production.

中图分类号: 

  • S289