地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 276-281.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.03.276

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国居民消费水平的地域差异

向清成   

  1. 衡阳师范学院, 湖南 衡阳 421008
  • 收稿日期:2001-03-01 修回日期:2001-05-23 出版日期:2002-05-20 发布日期:2002-05-20

Regional Differences of Households Consumption in China

XIANG Qing-cheng   

  1. Department of Geography, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang, Hunan 421008
  • Received:2001-03-01 Revised:2001-05-23 Online:2002-05-20 Published:2002-05-20

摘要: 建国以来我国居民消费水平的地域分布一直呈非均衡状态,地域差异显著。其中省际差异呈U字型变化,东西差异由小变大,南北差异不断缩小,而城乡差异波动性大。在地域差异构成中,东西差异突出,南北差异影响最小。地区经济发展不平衡是造成我国居民消费水平地域差异的主要原因,其次是经济体制、经济布局以及区域政策的影响。为了缩小地区差距、实现共同富裕,一方面要加快建立社会主义市场经济体制,另一方面要充分发挥政府在引导要素合理流动和调控区域发展方面的作用。

Abstract: The paper analyzed the changes of regional differences of households consumption in China since 1949 and reached the following conclusions:(1) the regional distribution of households consumption in China has been uneven since 1949,but the regional differences were reducing gradually before reform and openness and have been enlarging rapidly after reform and openness; (2) great changes of foundational pattern of regional differences have taken place among all provinces and between the south and north, but little change of them between the east and west as well as between the urban and rural; (3) the difference between the east and west in the structure of regional differences is becoming increasingly conspicuous .The main reasons for causing above changes lie firstly in the reflection of imbalance of economic development among all regions, and secondly in the changes of the economy system ,in the transfer of focus of the economy distribution, and in the reflection of regional policy. The conclusion of the paper put forward some suggestions and countermeasures on reducing regional differences of households consumption in China.

中图分类号: 

  • F014.5