地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 355-359.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.03.355

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

长春市空气中总悬浮微粒分布规律及来源的探讨

王起超1, 李东侠2, 方凤满1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所, 吉林 长春 130012;
    2. 长春市环境监测中心站, 吉林 长春 130022
  • 收稿日期:2001-04-03 修回日期:2001-09-30 出版日期:2002-05-20 发布日期:2002-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院长春地理研究所所长基金资助项目。

The Distribution Law of Total Suspend Particulate (TSP) in Atmosphere in Changchun and Its Source Resolution

WANG Qi-chao1, LI Dong-xia2, FANG Feng-man1   

  1. 1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130021;
    2. Changchun Environment Monitoring Center, Changchun, Jilin 130022
  • Received:2001-04-03 Revised:2001-09-30 Online:2002-05-20 Published:2002-05-20

摘要: 分析了长春市环境空气中TSP时空分布规律,并运用降水前后TSP变化资料估算了TSP来源。长春市采暖期空气TSP主要来源于锅炉、机动车排放的一次性粒子,地面扬尘等二次粒子贡献较小;非采暖期大部分监测点位TSP来自二次粒子的贡献,一次粒子贡献较小。不同点位粒子来源构成不同。

Abstract: According to the monitoring results of TSP in the six function districts, the spatial and temporal distribution law of TSP in the atmosphere in Changchun City was analyzed.The total trend of TSP concentrations in a year are: the first quarter>the fourth quarter>the third quarter>. This is the result of interaction between the sources characteristic of TSP and climate condition.The first and forth quarters were heating season. The second quarter often has wind, and causes a lot of wind-blown dust. The third quarter has a lot of rain, which can scavenge part of TSP. In some year, the TSP concentration in second quarter was higher than that in the fouth quarter, which indicates that wind-blown dust plays an important role in TSP. The order of TSP concentrations in each function district is: the scattered heating district>the special industrial industrial district >the ordinary industrial district>the center heating district>the tourism district>the contrast district. The highest concentration of TSP appeared in January and November, and the lowest concentration appeared in July and August. Divide TSP into two parts: the primary particle and secondary particle. The source of TSP was estimated by analyzing the change of TSP concentrations before and after precipitation. The original particles emitted by boiler and vehicle was the main source of TSP in heating season, while the secondary particles such as wind-blown soil material accountted for a small part of TSP. The secondary particles contributed a large amount of TSP in most of the monitoring site in nonheating season; while the original particles contributed a small part of TSP. Particles has different sources in different site. In special industrial district, the primary particles still plays an important role in TSP. So, according to the source of TSP in each function district in different season, it should take corresponding measure to control TSP pollution.

中图分类号: 

  • X131.1