地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 379-384.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.03.379

• 研究报道 • 上一篇    

吉林玉米带的地位与发展前景

齐晓宁, 王洋, 王其存, 刘兆永, 鲍强   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所, 吉林 长春 130012
  • 收稿日期:2001-06-18 修回日期:2001-09-13 出版日期:2002-05-20 发布日期:2002-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    本文为中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目之"秸秆还田沃土技术与玉米优质高产的试验示范研究(KZCX1-Y-04-05)"的部分内容

The Situation and Developing Prospect of Corn Zone in Jinlin Province

QI Xiao-ning, WANG Yang, WANG Qi-cun, LIU Zhao-yong, BAO Qiang   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130012
  • Received:2001-06-18 Revised:2001-09-13 Online:2002-05-20 Published:2002-05-20

摘要: 对我国玉米生产概况和玉米在我国粮食生产中的地位作了概述,重点论述了吉林玉米带以玉米为主的粮食生产结构带来的问题。一方面,生产量大于需求量,加工形式单一,玉米积压严重;另一方面,由于生产成本高,比较效益低,作为农民家庭的主要经营收入低,限制了农民种植玉米的积极性,同时地方财政为保证保护价收购玉米而背上沉重包袱。加入WTO后,这些问题必将对吉林省玉米生产产生巨大影响。因此,提出了5条改善措施,即:科学规划,适当压缩玉米生产面积,建立优质玉米生产基地,以提高单产而保证增加总产,建立形式多样的玉米转化、加工体系,保证吉林省玉米生产持续稳定发展。

Abstract: The general situation of corn production and position in food production in our country is outlined in this paper, with emphatic discussion on the issue which is brought about by the food productive structure in the corn zone in Jilin Province where the main crop is corn. On the one hand, the output is over the demand, the processing type is single, corn production is overstocked; on the other hand, because of the high production cost and low profit and the low income for the farmer families as an major engagement, the zeal of farmer to produce corn is restrained; At the same time, the local governments are burdened with heavy finances for the insurance of protecting purchase of corn. After the entrance of WTO, these problems will have big influence on the production of corn in Jilin Province. Therefore, the authors propose five improving measures: making a good plan and reducing corn planting area, establishing high-typed transforming and processing systems, thus, the corn production will be developed sustainablly and stably.

中图分类号: 

  • S514