地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 408-412.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.04.408

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

天津滨海新区区域发展过程研究

贾艳杰   

  1. 天津师范大学地理系, 天津 300074
  • 收稿日期:2001-06-26 修回日期:2002-02-19 出版日期:2002-07-20 发布日期:2002-07-20
  • 基金资助:
    天津市教委资助项目(991304)。

Study on Trajectory of Development in Tianjin Binhai New Area

JIA Yan-jie   

  1. Department of Geography, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300074
  • Received:2001-06-26 Revised:2002-02-19 Online:2002-07-20 Published:2002-07-20

摘要: 以天津经济新区—滨海新区为例,以1993~2000 年相关统计资料为基础,通过其发展过程和影响因素分析,探讨区域发展特点。滨海新区的研究表明,在我国由计划经济向市场经济体制转型时期,小区域发展是一个相当复杂的过程。政府在滨海新区的发展过程中始终扮演重要角色。中央政府通过经济政策创造宏观发展环境,影响区域发展;地方政府是地方发展战略的决策者,通过促进经济增长引导区域发展方向,形成区域特色;地方开发条件是影响区域发展的基本因素,其在开发的初期阶段尤为重要,它是政府发展战略形成和外商投资选择的基础。环渤海城市间的竞争与联合对天津滨海新区的发展亦产生重大影响。

Abstract: Tianjin Binhai New Area (TBNA) is a new economic zone in the seaside area of Tianjin. Developing TBNA is a great strategic decision of local macroeconomic development distribution. TBNA is consisting of five sub-areas. Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA) and Tianjin Port Free Trade Zone are core areas of TBNA with significant contributions in attracting foreign investment and promoting international trade. TBNA has grown up to be a "Head of Dragon" of local economy in Tianjin with massive state and foreign investments through seven years development, which offered as 34.4% GDP, 40% GOVI, 51.7% Total Export percentages to Tianjin in 2000. The great achievements of TBNA have caused Tianjin city undergoing dramatic restructuring towards remaking the city as a global city, moving up the urban hierarchy in China. In this paper, through the case study of TBNA, I reveal the trajectories of and factors underlying local development. Based on the relevant statistics during 1993-2000, I hold that local development is a quite complicated process in the period of transitional economy in China. The paper has shown that development process is influenced by a multitude of forces operating at global, national, and local levels. On one hand, the Chinese government still heavily regulates its domestic economy, and actively initiates development policies. Governments are playing a significant role in urban and regional development in China. The local government of Tianjin has been an active agent of local economic development by obtaining preferential policies from central government and implementing numerous local initiatives. The infusion of foreign investment is clearly related to the preferential policy provided to foreign investors. However, I maintain government policies alone do not adequately explain trajectories of local development. Local states are embedded in forces operating at local, national and global scales. There is a strong geographical foundation for the functioning of local state corporatism. Local development conditions or geographical foundations in particular provide the basis for the initiation and successful implementation of local government policies and the location choices of foreign investment. Local governments, in initiating local policies, must carefully study those opportunities and constraints. Competition and cooperation among cities in Bohai Rim have also strongly influenced on the development of TBNA.

中图分类号: 

  • F299.21