地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 508-512.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.04.508

• 研究报道 • 上一篇    

土地利用变化的生态环境效应研究——以前郭县为例

秦丽杰, 张郁, 许红梅, 刘湘南   

  1. 东北师范大学城市与环境科学学院, 吉林 长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2001-07-05 修回日期:2001-12-25 出版日期:2002-07-20 发布日期:2002-07-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49901017)。

Study on the Effect of Land Use Change on the Eco-environment

QIN Li-jie, ZHANG Yu, XU Hong-mei, LIU Xiang-nan   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024
  • Received:2001-07-05 Revised:2001-12-25 Online:2002-07-20 Published:2002-07-20

摘要: 随着人口的增加及经济的发展,人类对土地利用模式的改变更为显著,导致了土地资源生态环境背景的变化。对土地利用变化的生态环境效应进行研究,可改善农业生产条件和人类生存环境,促进区域经济与生态环境协调发展。

Abstract: With the increase of population and the development of economy, the land use change is more notable, and causes the change of eco-environmental background of land resources. Studying the effect of land use change on eco-environment can improve the conditions of agricultural production, and make the regional economy and ecoenvironment develop in a good way. Taking Qian Gorlos County as an example,the paper analyses the pattern of land use change, it shows that there was an obvious decrease in the area of grassland and forestland, while wasteland and paddy field increased in 1986 and 1996. Then the paper studies the effect of land use change on the eco-environment, the effect shows mainly at three aspects: ⑴ Land deterioration aggravated. Not only the area of land deterioration was enlarged, but also the degree of land deterioration was aggravated. ⑵ Water pollution was serious. With the farmland area enlarged and amount of irrigation water increased, the agricultural drainage resulted in water quality worsened. ⑶ Bio-diversity decreased. With the land use pattern changed, the landscape fraction increased while the dimension of patches decreased.

中图分类号: 

  • F301.2/X24