地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (5): 535-542.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.05.535

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

西辽河流域全新世以来人地系统演变历史的重建

胡金明1, 崔海亭2, 李宜垠2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所 吉林 长春 130012;
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学系 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2001-11-13 修回日期:2002-01-27 出版日期:2002-09-20 发布日期:2002-09-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点资助项目(49831008)。

Reconstruction of the Evolution History of Man-Land System since the Holocene in the Xiliao River Basin

HU Jin-ming1, CUI Hai-ting2, LI Yi-yin2   

  1. 1. Changchun Institute of Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130012;
    2. Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2001-11-13 Revised:2002-01-27 Online:2002-09-20 Published:2002-09-20

摘要: 古研究表明,西辽河流域是我国古代文明的起源地之一,全新世以来先后演绎了多期古文化,文明一直延续至今。利用野外考古材料和已有考古研究成果,系统地梳理了本区文化景观的演变历史;利用土壤剖面、古土壤年代数据、文化遗址中的碳屑显微结构等证据,结合前人的研究成果,系统地复原了本区自然景观的演变历史;详细探讨了全新世以来本区人地系统的耦合演变进程,揭示了本区人地系统演变的历史规律和内在机制。

Abstract: Using the field archaeological data and some research results in archaeology and environmental evolution, this paper analyzes the historic evolution of the cultural landscapes and natural landscape since the Holocene in the Xiliao River Basin. Based on the historic evolution of natural and cultural landscapes, the authors systematically reconstruct the coupling evolution history of man-land system and unveil the interactional mechanisms between human and nature in the Xiliao River Basin.During the earlier Holocene, evolution of pre-historic cultures, including Xiaohexi Culture and Xinglongwa Culture, had been closely linked with climatic evolution. Climatic changes into warm and humid resulted in the germination and development of the pre-historic cultures, while decline of pre-historic cultures had close relationship with climatic deterioration. During the middle period of the Holocene from Zhaobaogou Culture to Lower Layer Culture of Xiajiadian, prosperity and decline of cultures correlated with multifold factors. Evolution of natural landscape was the external driving force. While humańs cultural accumulation, inter-regional cultural diffusion and intercommunication were the internal driving forces. Humańs disturbances upon natural landscape would feed back to cultural landscapes and influence the development of cultures. Cultural transformation between Upper Layer Culture and Lower Layer Culture of Xiajiadian was a gradual changing process. Climatic change was the main driving force, while inter-regional cultural communication further advanced the development of animal husbandry of Upper Layer Culture of Xiajiadian.During historic period, multifold factors, such as prosperity and decline of the Han and minority dynasties, ethnic policy of the Han dynasties, cultural intercommunication between the Han nationality and minority, development of social productivity level, changes of natural environment, etc, comprehensively acted on the evolution of cultural landscapes. In fact, it was the ebb and flow of different nationś cultures, which were the most important. Development of culture and productivity level promoted humańs ability to adapt to and remodel nature, and culture played more and more important role in the evolution of man-land system.

中图分类号: 

  • P951/K928.6