地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 641-648.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.06.641

• 论文 •    下一篇

(高)科技型城市的指标体系内涵及其创新战略重点

樊杰, 吕昕, 杨晓光, 田明   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-03-20 修回日期:2002-05-18 出版日期:2002-11-20 发布日期:2002-11-20
  • 基金资助:
    本文受到中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所领域前沿项目(CXIOG-B00-03和CXIOG-E01-05-03)的资助.

Connotation of Index System and Innovative Strategy of High-tech Cities

FAN Jie, LU Xin, YANG Xiao-Guang, TIAN Ming   

  1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, the Chiense Academy fo Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:2002-03-20 Revised:2002-05-18 Online:2002-11-20 Published:2002-11-20

摘要: 在分析我国(高)科技型城市生成与发育条件、归纳世界主要(高)科技型城市发展模式的基础上,通过设计4类11个指标构成的(高)科技型城市判断指标体系、以及包括3个方面内容的(高)科技型城市标志,揭示了(高)科技型城市发展的战略目标与基本定位。继而提出了我国(高)科技型城市创新框架与重点,并对政府职能、中介体系与知识产权等近期创新网络构筑的核心内容,以及投融资和人才等近、远期支撑系统建设问题进行了深入探讨。

Abstract: High-tech city is a new type city that will emerge in 21 century in our country. In the 10th Five-year Plans of many regions, building a high-tech city is a key development strategy. This paper analyses the basic conditions of the formation and development of high-tech cities in terms of economic globalization, informationization, sustainable development and advantageous location theory. On the basis of reviewing the developing patterns of the main high-tech cities in the world, the paper puts forward the strategic goal and basic direction of high-tech cities' development. This paper also designs an estimation index system as follows:(1) Science and technology input scale and output efficiency, including ratio of science input to GDP, annual growth rate of high-tech industrial cluster, ratio of industrialization of R&D outcome within a year and the ratio of high-tech products with intellectual property rights.(2) Creativity and sustainability of innovation, including ratio of influx of graduates from first-class universities at home and abroad, reeducation of the incumbent in a year, the ratio of R&D staff to all the staff in the high-tech industry.(3) Perfection level of security system, including harmonization level of economic rules and policies with international convention, frequency of illegal activities.(4) Construction level of high-tech city's image, including ratio of the volume of e-commerce to the total, composite level of recycle of resources and disposal of pollutant. The above index system reflects three symbols of industrial structure, composite landscape and competitive edge of high-tech cities. Then this paper advances the innovation framework of high-tech cities in our country and make clear the strategic emphases of enhancing relations between main bodies of innovation and high-efficiency operation, and makes a deep discussion about the core contents of innovation such as functions of government in the construction of high-tech cities, intermediate agent system, policy system with the core of intellectual property rights, investment and financing system and talented supporting system.

中图分类号: 

  • F290