地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 694-699.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.06.694

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

GIS支持下的山东省土壤侵蚀空间特征分析

赵善伦1, 尹民2, 张伟1   

  1. 1. 山东师范大学人口·资源与环境学院, 山东 济南 250014;
    2. 北京师范大学环境科学研究所环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2001-08-28 修回日期:2002-03-02 出版日期:2002-11-20 发布日期:2002-11-20
  • 基金资助:
    山东省自然科学基金资助项目(Q99E09).

An Analysis on the Spatial Features of Soil Erosion in Shandong Province Based on GIS

ZHAO Shan-Lun1, YIN Min2, ZHANG Wei1   

  1. 1. College of Population, Resources and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, Shandong 250014;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, Institute of Environmental Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
  • Received:2001-08-28 Revised:2002-03-02 Online:2002-11-20 Published:2002-11-20

摘要: 利用遥感(RS)技术提取土壤侵蚀信息,在地理信息系统(GIS)支持下,借助数据库管理系统(DBMS),建立空间数据库和属性数据库;以县级行政区域为综合分析单元,计算土壤侵蚀强度综合评价指数并进行分级处理,对山东省土壤侵蚀空间特征进行分析。

Abstract: Soil erosion is one of the most serious problems of environment. Soil erosion in Shandong Province is so serious that it is of great scientific and practical significance to research on it. In view of the serious environment situation of soil erosion, the spatial features of soil erosion in Shandong Province is analyzed by the unit of county in this paper. The main points are as following: ①Based on the classification index system of soil erosion type and intensity, the classification standards and the features of Landsat TM images are put forward. ② With the support of Geographical Information System (GIS), Remote Sensing (RS) and Database Management System (DBMS), the soil erosion information is distilled from Landsat TM images, the spatial and attribute databases are also built. ③On the basis of the model of IEISEI (Integrative Evaluation Index of Soil Erosion Intensity), the indexes are calculated and classified into eight degrees by the unit of county.④The spatial features of soil erosion in Shandong Province are analyzed, the soil erosion is very serious and there are two erosion centers in Shandong Province.

中图分类号: 

  • S127/S157.1