地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 747-752.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.06.747

• 教学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

国内外GIS课程内容的对比与启示

刘妙龙, 黄佩蓓   

  1. 同济大学测量与国土信息工程系, 上海 200092
  • 收稿日期:2001-06-11 修回日期:2001-12-25 出版日期:2002-11-20 发布日期:2002-11-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(编号:49971031).

A Comparative Research on GIS Curriculum System and Structure at Home and Abroad

LIU Miao-Long, HUANG Pei-Bei   

  1. Department of Surveying and Geo-informatics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092
  • Received:2001-06-11 Revised:2001-12-25 Online:2002-11-20 Published:2002-11-20

摘要: 介绍了作为全球性GIS教材范本的美国国家地理信息与分析中心(NCGIA)研究生用"地理信息科学核心教程"的内容体系和结构,介绍了被誉为GIS经典的《地理信息系统原理,技术,管理与应用》一书的内容体系,作为对比,介绍了我国最新出版的被誉为"迎接新世纪空间时代与信息社会的好教材"的《地理信息系统-原理,方法与应用》一书的主要内容;对比国内外教材,分析探讨了我国GIS教育、教材与人才培养中的成功与不足;针对当前GIS学科发展迅速、人才培养中教材体系庞杂的特点,提出了适应研究生教育的教材体系框架,旨在为我国跨世纪GIS教育与人才培养提供一些借鉴。

Abstract: This paper introduces the content system and structure of NCGIA GIS Curriculum in detail, which now is accepted as a popular model for GIS teaching material in the world; introduces the content system of the works of "GIS: Principle, Technology, Management and Application", which now is praised as a classical works of GIS in academic and educational circles. As a comparison, the paper also introduces the major content of the works of "GIS—principle, Methodology and Application" published in 2001, which is eulogized as "a good teaching material for meeting a spatial era and information society in an new century". By the comparison of the teaching materials between home and abroad, the success and insufficiency reflected in GIS education, teaching materials and talent training in our country have been explored and discussed. Facing upon fast development of GIS science and numerous and jumbled teaching materials for GIS talent training, a framework of teaching material system suitable for education of Master Degree of Science has been put forward. The authors suggested that the teaching material system should consist of : ①outline of geographical information science (geographical information; geographical conception; digital geo-information technology; geographical information science); ②GIS spatial data (data quality; adjustment model and accuracy analysis; un-determinacy model; quality control of digital products; meta-data for spatial data); ③temporal-spatial data model (temporal GIS; 3-D data model; temporal and spatial data model; supermap 4-D spatial data model); ④network GIS (network technology; distributed GIS; interoperating GIS; web-GIS structure, principal and key technology); ⑤visualization and virtual reality (geo-visualization; virtual geographical environment; cyberspace and virtual geography); ⑥outline of geocomputation (high-performance computing; parallel computing program; a framework of geocomputation; application of geocomputation);⑦ geo-models and modeling (an un-determinacy of spatial change in GIS and GRW model; urban dynamic micro-modeling; fractal, cellular automata and urban morphology; temporal-spatial geographical modeling system; geo-application of neural network and genetic program); ⑧3-S integration (definition; some theoretical problems and key technologies; applied integrated models; complex integration). The aim of the paper is to draw some lessons from the research for trans-century GIS education and talents training.

中图分类号: 

  • G642.0