地理科学 ›› 2003, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 240-244.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2003.02.240

• 研究报道 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游地阻力面理论初探——五大连池风景名胜区为例

张序强, 李华, 董雪旺   

  1. 哈尔滨师范大学地理系, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150080
  • 出版日期:2003-03-20 发布日期:2003-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    黑龙江省生态旅游业发展与环境保护研究,黑龙江省科技厅2001年重点项目; 黑龙江省旅游产业发展战略研究, 黑龙江省教育厅重大科研项目(951Z017)。

Study on the Theory of Tourist Resistance Side

ZHANG Xu-Qiang, LI Hua, DONG Xue-Wang   

  1. Department of Geography, Harbin Normal University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150080
  • Online:2003-03-20 Published:2003-03-20

摘要: 以生态学中的阻力面理论为依托,创建了符合旅游规划需要的旅游地阻力面理论模型,构建了旅游景点、景区、旅游地、旅游区域之间联系的阻力层次体系,建立了旅游空间联系关系的影响因子系统,提出了旅游地阻力面理论在指导区域、地方及旅游区规划中的作用。以国家级风景名胜区五大连池为例展示了旅游地阻力面理论在地方旅游开发建设实践中的现实作用。

Abstract: The article founds the theory of tourist resistance side and the model on the ecological theory of resistance side. Also, the paper founds the resistance system of sight spots, scenic spots and historical sites and the system of the influence factors. In addition, the article discusses the function of the theory in local tourism planning and development. Finally, the paper illustrates the beauty spot of Wudalianchi to demonstrate the function of the theory in local tourism exploitation and development. There are four parts in the article to discuss the theory of tourist resistance side. The first part is the foreword. In this part, the trend of rapid development of global tourism and the unceasing upgrade of tourism status in the area industry are analyzed. And after entered into the WTO, the tourism in our country is faced with more drastically competition. So, how to find and found the directive theory to optimize the space structure of area tourism and to enhance the benefit of investment and to strengthen the capability of market competition is very essential. Then, the theory of resistance side is introduced. In the second part, based on the introduce the ecological theory of resistance side, the article found the theory of tourism resistance side and the model and analyzed the influencing factors. And the resistance hierarchy system of sight spots, scenic spots is founded. Also, from the two aspects of academic and practice, the significance of study on the theory exploitation and development and planning in local tourism is systemically and thoroughly analyzed. The paper takes the beauty spot Wudalianchi as an example to illustrate the function of the theory of tourism resistance side in local tourism developing and planning in this third part. Firstly, it can provide the guidance to optimize the space structure of area tourism; secondly, it can help optimize the tourism path and enhance the abundance of the tourism product; lastly, it is in favor of foundation of the network system of tourism among the beauty spots.In the end, it is concluded that the spot of tourism resource is looked as motile main body that is capable of expending in the theory of tourism resistance side and the realization of expending of the spot of tourism resource is depended on overcoming the resistance that is decided by local element character and the capability of completion of the spot of tourism resource. So, analyzed from the diffent scale of space, the tourism spatial structure in given area is can be realized and the developing trend can be forecasted and controlled by study on the tourism resistance side. In a word, the study on the theory of tourism resistance side can help optimize the scheme of the resource and rationalize the tourism spatial structure in tourism planning and developing.

中图分类号: 

  • F590.3