地理科学 ›› 2005, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (1): 119-124.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2005.01.119

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

河流健康:概念、评价方法与方向

赵彦伟, 杨志峰   

  1. 北京师范大学环境学院, 水环境模拟国家重点实验室, 水沙科学教育部重点实验室, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2004-03-17 修回日期:2004-07-22 出版日期:2005-01-20 发布日期:2005-01-20
  • 基金资助:
    高等院校优秀青年教师教学科研奖励计划(2002)资助。

River Health: Concept, Assessment Method and Direction

ZHAO Yan-Wei, YANG Zhi-Feng   

  1. School of Environment, State Key Laboratory of Water Environmental Simulation, Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Water and Sediment Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
  • Received:2004-03-17 Revised:2004-07-22 Online:2005-01-20 Published:2005-01-20

摘要: 人类不合理的社会经济活动严重干扰了河流生态系统,河流健康问题引起广泛的重视。在详细概括了有关河流健康概念的不同认识基础上,介绍了河流健康评价的生物监测法与综合指标法的优缺点与发展历程,并就有关河流健康评价的发展趋势提出建议。认为今后的重点是评价标准确定、河流对干扰敏感性、生态过程性指标及流域尺度上的健康评价的研究。

Abstract: Disturbance from irrational anthropogenic socio-economic activity has influenced river ecosystem seriously and intensive attention has been paid on issues concerning river health. Various understanding on river health concept is generalized and the difference between them is distinguished in detail, the development process, advantage and disadvantage of river health assessment methods, including biological monitoring and integrated indicator are introduced. Furthermore, Some suggestion on research direction of river health assessment, including assessment standard establishment, river's sensitivity on disturbance, ecological process indicator and health assessment on watershed scale is put forward in the paper.

中图分类号: 

  • X522