地理科学 ›› 2005, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (1): 23-28.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2005.01.23

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

集群理论与主导产业理论比较研究

王仲智1, 2, 林炳耀1   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市与资源学系, 江苏 南京 210093;
    2. 徐州师范大学城市与环境学院, 江苏 徐州 221116
  • 收稿日期:2004-01-14 修回日期:2004-07-14 出版日期:2005-01-20 发布日期:2005-01-20

Comparative Research Between the Theory of Industrial Clusters and Leading Industry Diffusion

WANG Zhong-Zhi1, 2, LIN Bing-Yao1   

  1. 1. Department of Urban and Resource Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116
  • Received:2004-01-14 Revised:2004-07-14 Online:2005-01-20 Published:2005-01-20

摘要: 自20世纪50年代诞生以来,主导产业理论在某些国家和地区获得了比较成功的实践纪录。然而,半世纪后,该理论产生和应用的条件时移境迁,自80年代以来,该理论实践的绩效多有不佳,我国十五计划的编制仍然沿用了主导产业和支柱产业思想作指导,进一步加剧了区域经济的结构趋同性。20世纪90年代初国际学术界提出的产业集群理论广泛总结了全球成功案例的实践经验,开拓了区域发展理论研究的维度,是适合当前中国国情的新型区域发展理论之一。本文从不同层面比较了上述两大理论,展望了集群理论在我国的应用前景。

Abstract: In its early 30 years after naissance in 1950s, the theory of Leading Industry diffusion was very effective in practices in some countries and regions. However, half a century later, the conditions and situation that the theory depend on have greatly changed. Since the 1980s, the performance based on the theory was not gratifying. The Tenth Five-Year Plan which around the notion on the Leading Industry and the Pillar Industry enhanced the homogeneity of regional economic structure. In the early 1990s, the theory of Industry Clusters as a new pattern about region development has been put forward, which absorbed widely positive factors in the traditional theories of region development and added new viewpoint to them, maybe adapted to the current situation of China. Based on the all-sided comparison between the two theories, we think that the theory of clusters should be followed to consummate the old industrial synthesis.

中图分类号: 

  • F127