地理科学 ›› 2005, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (1): 36-42.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2005.01.36

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

整合景观生态学的理论基础

丁圣彦   

  1. 河南大学环境与规划学院, 河南 开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2004-03-20 修回日期:2004-09-02 出版日期:2005-01-20 发布日期:2005-01-20
  • 基金资助:
    河南省杰出青年科学基金(0003)、河南大学省级重点学科建设项目资助。

Theoretical Basis of Holistic Landscape Ecology

Ding Sheng-Yan   

  1. College of Environment & Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475001
  • Received:2004-03-20 Revised:2004-09-02 Online:2005-01-20 Published:2005-01-20

摘要: 整合景观生态学的核心概念是"整体人类生态系统",是全球生态各个阶层协同进化的最高水平,由生物圈景观和石油燃料驱动的技术圈景观组成,整合景观生态学致力于将两者从结构和功能上整合为一个和谐、可持续的生态圈。文章在讨论整合景观生态学产生的历史背景和发展意义的基础上,初步论述了整合景观生态学的理论基础,包括整合景观生态学的系统论基础、控制论和可持续发展理论基础、自组织理论基础、协同进化理论基础、等级理论基础、相互作用系统理论基础和隐含次序理论基础,目的是使整合景观生态(经济和自然景观)和其他跨学科一起,共同促进当今自然与人类社会的"共生"过程。

Abstract: The central concept of holistic landscape ecology is the "Total Human Ecosystem". It is in the highest level of co-evolutionary complexity in the global ecological hierarchy with solar energy powered biosphere and fossil energy powered techno-sphere landscapes. By utilizing new insights in self-organization,Holistic landscape ecology could contribute to their structural and functional integration into a coherent sustainable ecosphere and there by to the establishment of a sustainable balance between attractive and productive biosphere landscapes and healthy and livable techno-sphere landscapes for this and future generation. On basis of the historical background of holistic landscape ecology formation and its development trend, the paper discussed the basic theories of holistic landscape ecology, such as general systemitic theory, cybernetics and sustainable theory, self-organization theory, co-evolution theory, general systems and hierarchy theory, interaction systems theory and implicate order theory ect. General systematics theory consider that,a system is always more than sum of its elements due to some relations, and it include some new emergent properties that each elements do not have. Cybernetics and sustainable theory consider that, feedback control can adjust culture in the whole nature and human, and can control and establish a stable mechanism, and through structure and function of biosphere and techno-sphere holistic, forming a sustainable biosphere. Self-organization theory consider that systems on a relatively high organization level that can renew, repair and replicate themselves as networks of interrelated component-producing processes in which the network is created and recreated in a flow of matter and energy are called autopioetic systems. The synergetic systems include landscape wholeness and hierarchy principle, landscape antagonism principle, landscape instability or multistability principle, landscape selection principle. Landscapes should be treated as a special case of mixed natural and cultural medium-number interaction systems, in this system, through the interaction of natural elements and human constructions, adaptation of humans and their natural environment in cultural Total Human Ecosystem landscapes created closely co-evolutionary process. Holistic landscape (economy and natural landscape) ecology together with other environmental sciences could promote the urgently needed symbiosis between nature and human society.

中图分类号: 

  • Q948