地理科学 ›› 2005, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (2): 215-220.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2005.02.215

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

山东省产业结构的生态合理性评价

任丽军1,2,3, 尚金城4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所, 吉林, 长春, 130012;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京, 100039;
    3. 山东大学环境科学与工程学院, 山东, 济南, 250100;
    4. 东北师范大学环境科学研究所, 吉林, 长春, 130024
  • 收稿日期:2004-06-10 修回日期:2005-01-25 出版日期:2005-03-20 发布日期:2005-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    山东省环保局重点资助项目(2003447)资助。

Ecological Rationality Assessment of Industrial Structure in Shandong Province

REN Li-Jun1,2,3, SHANG Jin-Cheng4   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130012;
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039;
    3. Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250100;
    4. College of Urban Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024
  • Received:2004-06-10 Revised:2005-01-25 Online:2005-03-20 Published:2005-03-20

摘要: 产业结构决定了一个地区的经济效益、资源利用效率和对环境的胁迫,对产业结构合理性评估是极为重要的。从对生态环境影响的角度构建了产业结构合理性评价指标体系,采用统计分析及综合评价方法对山东省17个地区的产业结构生态合理性进行了评价,结果表明山东省产业结构合理性属Ⅲ级,今后产业结构调整的重点是在经济高速发展的同时提高资源利用效率,缓解和减轻对生态环境的压力。

Abstract: Industrial structure decide the economic benefit, the resources utilizing efficiency and the pressure on environment of a region, so the assessment of industrial structure rationality is very important.This paper establishes the indicators system of the ecological rationality assessment of industrial structure.The assessment indicators system comprises 17 indicators that reflect the present situation of economy and society, the utilizing rate of resources, and the situation of environment.The criterion of assessment includes five grades.Then, the paper applies the fuzzy mathematics evaluation method, and assesses the ecological rationality of industrial structure in different regions in Shandong Province.The results of different regions and systems are compared and analyzed.On the whole, the present situation of economy and society is not very good, the utilizing rate of resources is low, and the environment is facing serious challenge in Shandong Province.The assessment results prove the ecological rationality of industrial structure of the whole province belongs to Ⅲ grade.The industrial structure’s impact on the assessment conclusion of ecological rationality is discussed.At last, the paper puts forward some basic countermeasures to optimize industrial structure and to promote the sustainable development in Shandong Province, such as decreasing the proportion of primary industry and transferring the large number of people of farm to secondary and tertiary industries, reforming the traditional industry and trying to develop the high-technology industry, increasing the proportion of tertiary industry.

中图分类号: 

  • F121